Testing hypotheses on specific environmental causal effects on behavior.

  title={Testing hypotheses on specific environmental causal effects on behavior.},
  author={Michael Rutter and Andrew Pickles and Robert Brent Murray and Lindon J. Eaves},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={127 3},
There have been strong critiques of the notion that environmental influences can have an important effect on psychological functioning. The substance of these criticisms is considered in order to infer the methodological challenges that have to be met. Concepts of cause and of the testing of causal effects are discussed with a particular focus on the need to consider sample selection and the value (and limitations) of longitudinal data. The designs that may be used to test hypotheses on… CONTINUE READING
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