Testing gravitational physics with satellite laser ranging

  title={Testing gravitational physics with satellite laser ranging},
  author={Ignazio Ciufolini and Antonio Paolozzi and Erricos C. Pavlis and John C. Ries and Rolf Koenig and Richard A. Matzner and Giampiero Sindoni and H. K. Neumayer},
  journal={The European Physical Journal Plus},
Laser ranging, both Lunar (LLR) and Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR), is one of the most accurate techniques to test gravitational physics and Einstein’s theory of General Relativity. Lunar Laser Ranging has provided very accurate tests of both the strong equivalence principle, at the foundations of General Relativity, and of the weak equivalence principle, at the basis of any metric theory of gravity; it has provided strong limits to the values of the so-called PPN (Parametrized Post-Newtonian… 
The Confrontation between General Relativity and Experiment
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Tests of general relativity at the post-Newtonian level have reached high precision, including the light deflection, the Shapiro time delay, the perihelion advance of Mercury, the Nordtvedt effect in lunar motion, and frame-dragging.
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A test of general relativity using the LARES and LAGEOS satellites and a GRACE Earth gravity model
A test of general relativity, the measurement of the Earth’s dragging of inertial frames normalized to its general relativity value, is presented using about 3.5 years of laser-ranged observations of the LARES, LAGEOS, and LAGEos 2 laser- ranged satellites together with the Earth gravity field model GGM05S produced by the space geodesy mission GRACE.
Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices I (ASTROD I)—a class-M fundamental physics mission proposal for cosmic vision 2015–2025: 2010 Update
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Recently LIGO collaboration discovered gravitational waves [1] predicted 100 years ago by A. Einstein. Moreover, in the key paper reporting about the discovery, the joint LIGO & VIRGO team presented


The Confrontation between General Relativity and Experiment
  • C. Will
  • Physics, Geology
    Living reviews in relativity
  • 2006
Tests of general relativity at the post-Newtonian level have reached high precision, including the light deflection, the Shapiro time delay, the perihelion advance of Mercury, and the Nordtvedt effect in lunar motion.
Confirming the Frame-Dragging Effect with Satellite Laser Ranging
The theory of General Relativity predicts several non-Newtonian effects that have been observed by experiment, but one that has proven to be challenging to directly confirm is the so-called frame
A confirmation of the general relativistic prediction of the Lense–Thirring effect
A measurement of the Lense–Thirring effect on two Earth satellites is reported: it is 99 ± 5 per cent of the value predicted by general relativity; the uncertainty of this measurement includes all known random and systematic errors, but the total ± 10 per cent uncertainty is allowed to include underestimated and unknown sources of error.
Gravitomagnetism and Its Measurement with Laser Ranging to the LAGEOS Satellites and GRACE Earth Gravity Models
Dragging of Inertial Frames and gravitomagnetism are predictions of Einstein’s theory of General Relativity. Here, after a brief introduction to these phenomena of Einstein’s gravitational theory, we
Test of general relativity and measurement of the lense-thirring effect with two earth satellites
The Lense-Thirring effect, a tiny perturbation of the orbit of a particle caused by the spin of the attracting body, was accurately measured with the use of the data of two laser-ranged satellites,
A possible experiment with two counter-orbiting drag-free satellites to obtain a new test of Einstein's general theory of relativity and improved measurements in geodesy
In 1918, J. Lense and H. Thirring calculated that a moon in orbit around a massive rotating planet would experience a nodal dragging effect due to general relativity. We describe an experiment to
  • L. Schiff
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1960
This section examines the experimental basis of Einstein's theory of gravitation, and the principle of equivalence, which is expressed in the following way: all observations made locally on a system in a static, uniform gravitational field in the absence of local background matter agree with corresponding observations made on the same system when it is subjected to an equivalent acceleration in the presence of the field.
The existence of the gravitomagnetic field. generated by mass currents according to Einstein geometrodynamics, has never been proved. The author of this paper, after a discussion of the importance of
The gravitational interaction: Spin, rotation, and quantum effects-a review
Previous work on spin, rotation, and quantum effects in gravitation is surveyed, with particular emphasis on the gravitational two-body interaction, both for elementary particles and for macroscopic