Testing general relativity with present and future astrophysical observations

  title={Testing general relativity with present and future astrophysical observations},
  author={Emanuele Berti and Enrico Barausse and V{\'i}tor Cardoso and Leonardo Gualtieri and Paolo Pani and Ulrich Sperhake and Leo C. Stein and Norbert Wex and Kent Yagi and Tessa Baker and Cliff P. Burgess and Fl'avio S. Coelho and Daniela D. Doneva and Antonio De Felice and Pedro G. Ferreira and Paulo C. C. Freire and James Healy and Carlos A. R. Herdeiro and Michael W. Horbatsch and Burkhard Kleihaus and Antoine Klein and Kostas D. Kokkotas and Jutta Kunz and Pablo Laguna and Ryan N. Lang and Tjonnie Guang Feng Li and Tyson B. Littenberg and Andrew Matas and Saeed Mirshekari and Hirotada Okawa and Eugen Radu and Richard O’Shaughnessy and Bangalore Sathyaprakash and Chris van den Broeck and Hans A. Winther and Helvi Witek and Mirhossein Aghili and Justin Alsing and Brett Bolen and Luca Bombelli and Sarah Caudill and Liangxu Chen and Juan Carlos Degollado and Ryuichi Fujita and Caixia Gao and Davide Gerosa and Saeed Kamali and Hector O. Silva and Jo{\~a}o G. Rosa and Laleh Sadeghian and Marco O. P. Sampaio and Hajime Sotani and Miguel Zilh{\~a}o},
  journal={Classical and Quantum Gravity},
One century after its formulation, Einstein's general relativity (GR) has made remarkable predictions and turned out to be compatible with all experimental tests. Most of these tests probe the theory in the weak-field regime, and there are theoretical and experimental reasons to believe that GR should be modified when gravitational fields are strong and spacetime curvature is large. The best astrophysical laboratories to probe strong-field gravity are black holes and neutron stars, whether… 

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  • 2018
Einstein's gravity has been extensively tested in the weak field regime, primarily with experiments in the Solar System and observations of binary pulsars, and current data agree well with

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  • M. Ishak
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    Living reviews in relativity
  • 2019
The review aims at providing an overall picture of the subject and an entry point to students and researchers interested in joining the field and a quick reference to recent results and constraints on testing gravity at cosmological scales.

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The recent detection of coalescing black holes by theLaser InterferometerGravitationalwave Observatory has brought forth the era of gravitational wave astronomy. Physicists are only now beginning to

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Recent observations of gravitational waves from binary black holes and neutron stars allow us to probe the strong and dynamical field regime of gravity. On the other hand, a collective signal from

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While a general, powerful framework for testing and constraining gravity theories in the weak field, slow-moving regime exists for several decades (the parametrized post-Newtonian formalism), an

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Assuming that general relativity is the correct theory of gravity in the strong-field limit, can gravitational-wave observations distinguish between black holes and other compact object sources?

The Confrontation between General Relativity and Experiment

  • C. Will
  • Physics, Geology
    Living reviews in relativity
  • 2006
Tests of general relativity at the post-Newtonian level have reached high precision, including the light deflection, the Shapiro time delay, the perihelion advance of Mercury, and the Nordtvedt effect in lunar motion.

Astrophysics, cosmology, and fundamental physics with compact binary coalescence and the Einstein Telescope

The second-generation interferometric gravitational wave detectors, currently under construction are expected to make their first detections within this decade. This will firmly establish

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Before the 1970s, precision tests for gravity theories were constrained to the weak gravitational fields of the Solar system. Hence, only the weak-field slow-motion aspects of relativistic celestial

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This review is focused on tests of Einstein’s theory of general relativity with gravitational waves that are detectable by ground-based interferometers and pulsar-timing experiments, and the predicted gravitational-wave observables of modified gravity theories.

Numerical Relativity and Astrophysics

Throughout the Universe many powerful events are driven by strong gravitational effects that require general relativity to fully describe them. These include compact binary mergers, black hole