Testing for Racial Profiling in Traffic Stops From Behind a Veil of Darkness

@article{Grogger2006TestingFR,
  title={Testing for Racial Profiling in Traffic Stops From Behind a Veil of Darkness},
  author={Jeffrey T. Grogger and Greg Ridgeway},
  journal={Journal of the American Statistical Association},
  year={2006},
  volume={101},
  pages={878 - 887}
}
The key problem in testing for racial profiling in traffic stops is estimating the risk set, or “benchmark,” against which to compare the race distribution of stopped drivers. To date, the two most common approaches have been to use residential population data or to conduct traffic surveys in which observers tally the race distribution of drivers at a certain location. It is widely recognized that residential population data provide poor estimates of the population at risk of a traffic stop; at… 
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