Testing for Racial Profiling With the Veil-of-Darkness Method

@article{Worden2012TestingFR,
  title={Testing for Racial Profiling With the Veil-of-Darkness Method},
  author={Robert E. Worden and Sarah J. McLean and Andrew Palmer Wheeler},
  journal={Police Quarterly},
  year={2012},
  volume={15},
  pages={111 - 92}
}
The “veil-of-darkness” method is an innovative and low-cost approach that circumvents many of the benchmarking issues that arise in testing for racial profiling. Changes in natural lighting are used to establish a presumptively more race-neutral benchmark on the assumption that after dark, police suffer an impaired ability to detect motorists’ race. Applying the veil-of-darkness method to vehicle stops by the Syracuse (NY) police between 2006 and 2009 and examining differences among officers… 

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