Testing beyond words: Using tests to enhance visuospatial map learning

@article{Carpenter2007TestingBW,
  title={Testing beyond words: Using tests to enhance visuospatial map learning},
  author={Shana K. Carpenter and Harold Pashler},
  journal={Psychonomic Bulletin \& Review},
  year={2007},
  volume={14},
  pages={474-478}
}
Psychological research shows that learning can be powerfully enhanced through testing, but this finding has so far been confined to memory tasks requiring verbal responses. We explored whether testing can enhance learning of visuospatial information in maps. Fifty subjects each studied two maps, one through conventional study, and the other through computer-prompted tests. For the tests, the subjects were repeatedly presented with the same map with one feature deleted (e.g., a road or a river… 
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