Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens

  title={Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens},
  author={Martin Gilens and Benjamin I. Page},
  journal={Perspectives on Politics},
  pages={564 - 581}
Each of four theoretical traditions in the study of American politics—which can be characterized as theories of Majoritarian Electoral Democracy, Economic-Elite Domination, and two types of interest-group pluralism, Majoritarian Pluralism and Biased Pluralism—offers different predictions about which sets of actors have how much influence over public policy: average citizens; economic elites; and organized interest groups, mass-based or business-oriented. A great deal of empirical research… 
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