Test Review: L. Brown, R. J. Sherbenou, & S. K. Johnsen Test of Nonverbal Intelligence-4 (TONI-4). Austin, TX: PRO-ED, 2010

  title={Test Review: L. Brown, R. J. Sherbenou, \& S. K. Johnsen Test of Nonverbal Intelligence-4 (TONI-4). Austin, TX: PRO-ED, 2010},
  author={Nicola L. Ritter and Emin Kilinç and Bilgin Navruz and Yunhee Bae},
  journal={Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment},
  pages={484 - 488}
The Test of Nonverbal Intelligence–Fourth Edition (TONI-4) is an individually administered instrument created to assess intelligence. The distinguishing characteristic of the TONI-4 is the nonverbal, motor-reduced format that assesses common elements of intelligence without the confounding effects of motor or linguistic skills. The TONI-4 purports to assess the theoretical construct of fluid intelligence (Horn, 1965; Horn & Cattell, 1966) and general intelligence (Spearman, 1904); more… Expand
21 Citations
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General Intelligence, Objectively Determined and Measured.
Chap. I. Introductory. PAGE I. Signs of Weakness in Experimental Psychology 202 2. The Cause of this Weakness 203 3. The Identities of Science 204 4. Scope of the Present Experiments 205 Chap. II.Expand
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Refinement and test of the theory of fluid and crystallized general intelligences.
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