Test-Enhanced Learning

@article{Roediger2006TestEnhancedL,
  title={Test-Enhanced Learning},
  author={Henry L. Roediger and Jeffrey D. Karpicke},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={17},
  pages={249 - 255}
}
Taking a memory test not only assesses what one knows, but also enhances later retention, a phenomenon known as the testing effect. We studied this effect with educationally relevant materials and investigated whether testing facilitates learning only because tests offer an opportunity to restudy material. In two experiments, students studied prose passages and took one or three immediate free-recall tests, without feedback, or restudied the material the same number of times as the students who… 

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