Terror management and religion: evidence that intrinsic religiousness mitigates worldview defense following mortality salience.

@article{Jonas2006TerrorMA,
  title={Terror management and religion: evidence that intrinsic religiousness mitigates worldview defense following mortality salience.},
  author={Eva Jonas and Peter Fischer},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2006},
  volume={91 3},
  pages={
          553-67
        }
}
  • E. Jonas, P. Fischer
  • Published 1 September 2006
  • Psychology
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
Terror management theory suggests that people cope with awareness of death by investing in some kind of literal or symbolic immortality. Given the centrality of death transcendence beliefs in most religions, the authors hypothesized that religious beliefs play a protective role in managing terror of death. The authors report three studies suggesting that affirming intrinsic religiousness reduces both death-thought accessibility following mortality salience and the use of terror management… 
Testing the causal relationship between religious belief and death anxiety
ABSTRACT Religion has long been speculated to function as a strategy to ameliorate our fear of death. Terror management theory provides two possible causal pathways through which religious beliefs
A Terror Management Analysis of the Psychological Functions of Religion
TLDR
Research is reviewed demonstrating that mortality salience produces increased belief in afterlife, supernatural agency, human ascension from nature, and spiritual distinctions between mind and body.
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Religious and non-religious individuals differ in their core beliefs. The religious endorse a supernatural, divinely inspired view of the world, while the non-religious hold largely secular
Where, O death, is thy sting? The meaning-providing function of beliefs in literal immortality
ABSTRACT Terror management theory suggests that humans invest in cultural worldviews that allay mortality-related anxiety by promising death transcendence. Many religious individuals adhere to belief
The impact of mortality awareness on meaning in life among Christians and atheists
ABSTRACT Research derived from terror management theory suggests that reliance on a terror-managing set of beliefs when reminded of death can influence one’s perception of meaning in life. The
In the Face of Terrorism: Evidence that Belief in Literal Immortality Reduces Prejudice Under Terrorism Threat
Based on terror management theory, previous research has shown that terrorism threat increases prejudice against Muslims and is mediated by death-related thoughts. Because this effect was found on a
Supernatural Beliefs, Unconscious Threat and Judgment Bias in Tibetan Buddhists
Abstract Individuals who have been subtly reminded of death display heightened in-group favoritism, or “worldview defense.” Terror management theory argues (i) that death cues engender worldview
Making and Unmaking Prejudice: Religious Affiliation Mitigates the Impact of Mortality Salience on Out-Group Attitudes
Research inspired by terror management theory has established that being reminded of the inevitability of death (i.e., “mortality salience”) leads people to express more negative attitudes toward
Faith and Finitude: Exhuming the Death-Denying Function of Religious Belief
From the earliest evidence of human activity, religion has emerged as a cultural centerpiece. The present chapter contends, from the perspective of terror management theory (TMT), that to suffi
Religious magnanimity: reminding people of their religious belief system reduces hostility after threat.
TLDR
Support is found for the role of magnanimous ideals by demonstrating that directly priming these ideals yielded effects similar to those produced by a religious belief system prime, and consistent evidence that, by invoking magnanimous ideal, a religious beliefs system prime promotes less hostile responses to threat.
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References

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Evidence for terror management theory II: The effects of mortality salience on reactions to those who threaten or bolster the cultural worldview.
Three experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis, derived from terror management theory, that reminding people of their mortality increases attraction to those who consensually validate their
Coping With Terrorism: The Impact of Increased Salience of Terrorism on Mood and Self-Efficacy of Intrinsically Religious and Nonreligious People
TLDR
It was hypothesized that intrinsic religiousness helps to cope with increased salience of terrorism and Mediational analyses suggested that the mood effects were associated with differences in the reported sense of self-efficacy.
Self-Affirmation and Mortality Salience: Affirming Values Reduces Worldview Defense and Death-Thought Accessibility
TLDR
It is proposed that actively affirming one’s worldview alters reactions to reminders of mortality by reducing the accessibility of death-related thoughts, not by boosting self-esteem.
Death Concerns and Symbolic Aspects of the Self: The Effects of Mortality Salience on Status Concern and Religiosity
Terror management theorists have demonstrated that, after thinking about their own death, subjects behave in ways that suggest increased adherence to and defense of prevailing cultural values. The
Suppression, accessibility of death-related thoughts, and cultural worldview defense: exploring the psychodynamics of terror management.
TLDR
Study 3 demonstrated that worldview defense in response to MS reduces the delayed increase in death accessibility, suggesting that a person's initial response to conscious thoughts of mortality is to actively suppress death thoughts.
Terror management and tolerance: does mortality salience always intensify negative reactions to others who threaten one's worldview?
TLDR
Mortality salience did not lead to negative reactions to the critic when the value of tolerance was highly accessible and, under mortality-salient or control conditions, Ss evaluated a target person who criticized the United States.
Evidence for terror management theory: I. The effects of mortality salience on reactions to those who violate or uphold cultural values.
TLDR
It is shown that the mortality salience effect does not result from heightened self-awareness or physiological arousal, and implications for the role of fear of death in social behavior are discussed.
Deliver us from Evil: The Effects of Mortality Salience and Reminders of 9/11 on Support for President George W. Bush
TLDR
Investigation of how thoughts about death and the 9/11 terrorist attacks influence Americans’ attitudes toward current U.S. President George W. Bush found that reminding people of their own mortality increased support for Bush and his counterterrorism policies.
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