Territorial defence in the speckled wood butterfly (Pararge aegeria): The resident always wins

  title={Territorial defence in the speckled wood butterfly (Pararge aegeria): The resident always wins},
  author={Nicholas Barry Davies},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  • N. Davies
  • Published 1 February 1978
  • Environmental Science
  • Animal Behaviour

Territorial defence in speckled wood butterflies: do the hottest males always win?

Temperature was an important component of contest asymmetry, and resident butterflies that increased their body temperatures by basking in sun spots were more likely to win than the intruding males which might have cooled down during flight around the site.

Contest outcome in a territorial butterfly: the role of motivation

It is shown for the first time, to the authors' knowledge, that frequent encounters with a mated female can increase male motivation to persist in a territorial contest in a butterfly.

Why Do Males of Parnassius imperator Fight for Bare Rocks but Not the Nectar Flower During Mate Selection

It is suggested that early perching on bare rock allows male butterflies of P. imperator to occupy a territory, attract receptive females and exclude later-arriving competitors.

Habitat preference increases territorial defence in brown trout (Salmo trutta)

It is concluded that brown trout show individual variation in habitat preference, which appears to be linked with their investment in territorial defence, which suggests that understanding and modelling of animal contests could benefit from considering how territorial defence is influenced by individual habitat preference and specialisation.

Resource-based territoriality in the butterfly Lycaena hippothoe and environmentally induced behavioural shifts

Abstract Lycaena hippothoe males show aggressive territorial behaviour. We found the predominant mate location tactic to be perching; however, with increasingly more favourable weather conditions

Mate location behaviour of the butterfly Pararge aegeria in woodland and fragmented landscapes

The effect of morphology and physiology on butterfly territoriality

Residents had less lipid reserves than intruders suggesting that residents consume more energy during territorial defense, and does not support the idea that superiority of territorial residents in C. smaragdinus is attributable to morphological or physiological traits.

Territorial defense and lek behavior of the black swallowtail butterfly, Papilio polyxenes

The mating system of the black swallowtail butterfly, Papilio polyxenes, was studied near Brooktondale, Tompkins County, New York, USA and territorial defense reduced interference from conspecific males during courtship.

Contest behaviour in the speckled wood butterfly (Pararge aegeria): seasonal phenotypic plasticity and the functional significance of flight performance

Flight performance is not a strong determinant of resource-holding potential in this notably territorial butterfly, and a positive effect of age upon contest success is found.



Mate-locating behavior of butterflies

  • J. Scott
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • 1974
Mate-locatinz behavior was studied in 11 species of Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea, finding that perching males use movement in the initial approach to a potential female, but patrolling males use color more, and some females are found by the use of female pheromone when a patrolling male approaches within a few meters of the female.


  • G. Parker
  • Biology
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1974
The present series of papers is aimed towards constructing a comprehensive model of sexual selection and its influence on reproductive strategy in the dung fly, Scatophaga stercoraria. The technique

Territory Limiting the Size of the Breeding Population of the Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus)--A Removal Experiment

Breeding oystercatchers are extremely territorial, and it was possible to test by experimental removal of birds whether the constancy in the breeding pairs was due to the recruitment of young birds balancing out the normal between-season losses of breeders, or to the territorial behaviour of the breeders excluding some sexually mature birds from breeding.

Aggressiveness, Territoriality, and Sexual Behavior in Field Crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllidae)

Groups of adult male field crickets caged in small arenas form essentially linear dominance hierarchies which are stable for short periods of time and can be described in terms of several characteristics.

Male-male Competition and Reproductive Success in Elephant Seals

Male-male competition and reproductive success of northern elephant seals, Mirounga augustirostris , was studied for six consecutive breeding seasons at Ano Nuevo Island, California. The conclusions

Population Control by Territorial Behaviour in Red Grouse

The results of field work are usually open to different interpretations, and even with birds few experiments have been done in the wild, although the social behaviour of birds is better understood than of most other wild animals.

Assessment strategy and the evolution of fighting behaviour.

  • G. Parker
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of theoretical biology
  • 1974

The logic of asymmetric contests

Territory and breeding density in the Great Tit

A movable bridge connector providing in active position a continuous contact surface between spaced apart sections of a phase conductor at a switching station of a current collecting system. The

The Logic of Animal Conflict

Game theory and computer simulation analyses show, however, that a “limited war” strategy benefits individual animals as well as the species.