Termitaria as browsing hotspots for African megaherbivores in miombo woodland

@article{Loveridge2004TermitariaAB,
  title={Termitaria as browsing hotspots for African megaherbivores in miombo woodland},
  author={John P. Loveridge and Stein R. Moe},
  journal={Journal of Tropical Ecology},
  year={2004},
  volume={20},
  pages={337 - 343}
}
Thirteen termite mounds and 13 similar-sized control plots were surveyed in central Zimbabwe in order to study large mammalian browsing and vegetation characteristics. The mounds supported almost twice as many tree species as the control plots and the woody vegetation was denser on mounds compared with the woodland plots. Species of woody plants were recorded along with the percentage of branches browsed (cumulative browsing score) by black rhino, Diceros bicornis, elephant, Loxodonta africana… Expand
Termitaria as preferred browsing patches for black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) in Chipinge Safari Area, Zimbabwe
TLDR
The black rhinoceros preferred vegetation on termitaria to that in the surrounding matrix, and utilization of vegetation can be influenced by the soil substrate on which tree species grow. Expand
Large termitaria provide refugia for cavity-using birds in a modified miombo woodland system
In the miombo woodlands Macrotermes mounds form nutrient rich islands that sustain a different suite of plant species relative to the woodland matrix, and are also associated with an increasedExpand
Dynamics of juvenile woody plant communities on termite mounds in a West African savanna landscape
Termites are keystone species in savanna ecology, and their mounds are thought to be an important source of habitat heterogeneity and structural complexity of the savanna. Macrotermes termitaria haveExpand
Functional traits of trees on and off termite mounds: Understanding the origin of biotically-driven heterogeneity in savannas
TLDR
Surprisingly, despite their reputation as browsing hotspots, the tree species dominating mounds are less nutritious and less preferred by browsers than tree species of the surrounding savanna, which may be explained by the relatively nutrient-rich nature of this savanna or intraspecific trait differences. Expand
Effects of controlled livestock grazing and annual prescribed fire on epigeal termite mounds in a savannah woodland in Burkina Faso
TLDR
In this ecosystem, annual prescribed fire appeared to be the major determinant for termite mound abundance, with the large mound-builders Macrotermes spp. Expand
Mound building termites contribute to savanna vegetation heterogeneity
TLDR
It is indicated that graminoid herb richness peaks at lower productivity levels than trees and forbs in savanna ecosystems, as also recently found in temperate areas. Expand
Interactions between Termite Mounds, Trees, and the Zemba People in the Mopane Savanna in Northwestern Namibia
Termite mounds comprise a significant part of the landscape in northwestern Namibia. The vegetation type in this area is mopane vegetation, a vegetation type unique to southern Africa. In the areaExpand
THE INFLUENCE OF LARGE, VEGETATED TERMITARIA AND LARGE HERBIVORES ON SPIDER (ARANEAE) DIVERSITY IN MIOMBO WOODLANDS
TLDR
It was concluded that termite mounds are not hotspots for the diversity of ground spiders as they are to other animals, but rather act as refugia for ground dwelling spiders in highly impacted miombo woodlands. Expand
Termites, vertebrate herbivores, and the fruiting success of Acacia drepanolobium.
TLDR
It is found that Acacia drepanolobium trees growing at the edge of termite mounds were more likely to reproduce than those growing farther away, in off-mound soils, and soil enrichment by termites, rather than through dung and urine deposition by large herbivores, is of primary importance to fruit production near mounds. Expand
Woody species composition in an African savanna: determined by centuries of termite activity but modulated by 50 years of ungulate herbivory
TLDR
Type of herbivory emerged as relatively influential on woody plant species composition, given that the time periods involved were short by comparison to the slow formation of termite mounds. Expand
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