Terahertz pulsed spectroscopy and imaging in the pharmaceutical setting ‐ a review

@article{Zeitler2007TerahertzPS,
  title={Terahertz pulsed spectroscopy and imaging in the pharmaceutical setting ‐ a review},
  author={J. Axel Zeitler and Philip F. Taday and David A. Newnham and Michael Pepper and Keith C. Gordon and Thomas Rades},
  journal={Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology},
  year={2007},
  volume={59}
}
Terahertz pulsed spectroscopy (TPS) and terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI) are two novel techniques for the physical characterization of pharmaceutical drug materials and final solid dosage forms, utilizing spectral information in the far infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. This review focuses on the development and performance of pharmaceutical applications of terahertz technology compared with other tools for physical characterization. TPS can be used to characterize crystalline… 
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Biosensing with T-ray spectroscopy
In the recent years, it has been shown that terahertz (or T-ray) spectroscopy is a versatile tool for biosensing and safety applications. This is due to the fact that the THz-spectra of many
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References

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TLDR
Two techniques that utilize THz radiation, terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI) and teraHertz pulsing spectroscopy (TPS) are described, both of which have a variety of possible applications in biomedical imaging and pharmaceutical science.
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TLDR
In this study, four drugs with different solid-state properties were analyzed using TPS and levels of polymorphism and crystallinity were quantified, demonstrating that TPS is an analytical technique of potential in quantifying solid- state properties of pharmaceutical compounds.
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TLDR
In the study reported herein, it was possible to distinguish between two brands of across-the-counter ibuprofen tablets and terahertz pulsed imaging offers a potential technique to examine coatings quickly and nondestructively.
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TLDR
Terahertz pulse spectroscopy is a high–throughput technique with many areas of potential exploitation in the pharmaceutical industry; these issues are discussed in this paper.
3D chemical mapping using terahertz pulsed imaging
We report the use of a terahertz pulsed imaging technique for three-dimensional chemical mapping. Terahertz radiation reflected from a sample was measured pixel-by-pixel in time domain using a
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TLDR
It has been found that the diamond ATR imaging accessory gives information on the overall distribution of different components in a tablet while the micro-ATR imaging technique provides a closer look at the tablet with 4-microm spatial resolution.
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The absorption spectrum of the explosive 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane (RDX) has been measured using a conventional Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and by terahertz pulsed
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TLDR
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