Tendoscopy in stage I posterior tibial tendon dysfunction.

@article{Khazen2012TendoscopyIS,
  title={Tendoscopy in stage I posterior tibial tendon dysfunction.},
  author={Gabriel Khazen and Cesar S Khazen},
  journal={Foot and ankle clinics},
  year={2012},
  volume={17 3},
  pages={
          399-406
        }
}
Stage I PTTD was defined by Johnson and Strom as tenosynovitis or tendinitis whereby tendon length remains normal, there is no hindfoot deformity, and diagnosis is basically clinical, characterized by swelling and tenderness posterior to the medial malleolus. The PTT has a hypovascular zone 40 mm proximal to the insertion of the tendon and 14 mm in length. Pain often is localized to this portion of the tendon. Tendon power might be normal, and the patient can perform single heel rise, sometimes… CONTINUE READING
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