Ten reasons to exclude viruses from the tree of life

  title={Ten reasons to exclude viruses from the tree of life},
  author={David Moreira and P. L{\'o}pez-Garc{\'i}a},
  journal={Nature Reviews Microbiology},
  • David Moreira, P. López-García
  • Published 2009
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Nature Reviews Microbiology
  • When viruses were discovered, they were accepted as missing links between the inert world and living organisms. However, this idea was soon abandoned as information about their molecular parasitic nature accumulated. Recently, the notion that viruses are living organisms that have had a role in the evolution of some essential features of cells has experienced a renaissance owing to the discovery of unusually large and complex viruses that possess typical cellular genes. Here, we contend that… CONTINUE READING
    280 Citations

    Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

    Explore Further: Topics Discussed in This Paper

    Giant viruses in the environment: their origins and evolution.
    • T. Yamada
    • Biology, Medicine
    • Current opinion in virology
    • 2011
    • 24
    Reasons to include viruses in the tree of life
    • 29
    • PDF
    A Place for Viruses on the Tree of Life
    • PDF
    Mimivirus: the emerging paradox of quasi-autonomous viruses.
    • 83
    • PDF
    To be or not to be alive: How recent discoveries challenge the traditional definitions of viruses and life.
    • P. Forterre
    • Biology, Medicine
    • Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
    • 2016
    • 35
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    The origin of viruses.
    • 89
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    ORIGIN OF LIFE Viruses in Biology
    • PDF
    The place of viruses in biology in light of the metabolism- versus-replication-first debate.
    • 16
    • PDF
    Viruses in Biology
    • 12


    What does structure tell us about virus evolution?
    • 349
    Nature of Viruses
    • 11
    The ancient Virus World and evolution of cells
    • 550
    Redefining viruses: lessons from Mimivirus
    • 310
    Viruses take center stage in cellular evolution
    • 190
    Three RNA cells for ribosomal lineages and three DNA viruses to replicate their genomes: a hypothesis for the origin of cellular domain.
    • P. Forterre
    • Biology, Medicine
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    • 2006
    • 211
    • PDF
    Modification of intracellular membrane structures for virus replication
    • 590