Ten Propositions about Black Economic Empowerment in South Africa

  title={Ten Propositions about Black Economic Empowerment in South Africa},
  author={Roger J. Southall},
  journal={Review of African Political Economy},
  pages={67 - 84}
  • R. Southall
  • Published 1 March 2007
  • Political Science
  • Review of African Political Economy
Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) has become one of the most high profile strategies of African National Congress (ANC) government. Yet BEE has also become highly controversial, critics arguing variously that it serves as a block to foreign investment, encourages a re-racialisation of the political economy, and promotes the growth of a small but remarkably wealthy politicallyconnected ‘empowerment’ elite. There is considerable substance to such analyses. However, they miss the point that BEE… 

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