Temporomandibular disorders among smokers and nonsmokers: a longitudinal cohort study.

@article{Wnman2005TemporomandibularDA,
  title={Temporomandibular disorders among smokers and nonsmokers: a longitudinal cohort study.},
  author={Anders W{\"a}nman},
  journal={Journal of orofacial pain},
  year={2005},
  volume={19 3},
  pages={209-17}
}
AIMS To evaluate whether smoking influences the presence and/or development of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) among adults. METHODS A random sample of subjects 35, 50, and 65 years of age was drawn from the general population and examined with the aid of a questionnaire and a clinical examination. Within the sample, smokers were identified based on reported current smoking and nonsmokers were matched to the smokers based on age, gender, educational level, area of… CONTINUE READING