Temporomandibular disorders, sleep bruxism, and primary headaches are mutually associated.

@article{Fernandes2013TemporomandibularDS,
  title={Temporomandibular disorders, sleep bruxism, and primary headaches are mutually associated.},
  author={G. Fernandes and A. L. Franco and D. A. GonÇalves and J. Speciali and M. Bigal and C. M. Camparis},
  journal={Journal of orofacial pain},
  year={2013},
  volume={27 1},
  pages={
          14-20
        }
}
AIMS To investigate the association among temporomandibular disorders (TMD), sleep bruxism, and primary headaches, assessing the risk of occurrence of primary headaches in patients with or without painful TMD and sleep bruxism. METHODS The sample consisted of 301 individuals (253 women and 48 men) with ages varying from 18 to 76 years old (average age of 37.5 years). The Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders were used to classify TMD. Sleep bruxism was diagnosed by… Expand
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The logistic regression analysis demonstrated strong associations between the disorder and both otologic symptoms and bruxism when analyzed simultaneously, independently of patient age and gender. Expand
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