- Published 2011 in The journal of physical chemistry. A

The empty-level electronic structures of pyrimidine and its 2-chloro, 2-bromo, and 5-bromo derivatives have been studied with electron transmission spectroscopy (ETS) and dissociative electron attachment spectroscopy (DEAS) in the 0-5 eV energy range. The spectral features were assigned to the corresponding anion states with the support of theoretical calculations at the ab initio and density functional theory levels. The empty orbital energies obtained by simple Koopmans' theorem calculations, scaled with empirical equations, quantitatively reproduced the energies of vertical electron attachment to π* and σ* empty orbitals measured in the ET spectra and predicted vertical electron affinities close to zero for the three halo derivatives. The total anion currents of the halo derivatives, measured at the walls of the collision chamber as a function of the impact electron energy, presented intense maxima below 0.5 eV. The mass-selected spectra showed that, in this energy, range the total anion current is essentially due to halide fragment anions. The DEA cross sections of the bromo derivatives were found to be about six times larger than that of the chloro derivative. The absolute cross sections at incident electron energies close to zero were evaluated to be 10(-16)-10(-15) cm(2).

@article{Modelli2011TemporaryAS,
title={Temporary anion states of pyrimidine and halopyrimidines.},
author={Alberto Modelli and Paola Bolognesi and Lorenzo Avaldi},
journal={The journal of physical chemistry. A},
year={2011},
volume={115 39},
pages={10775-82}
}