Temporal weights in the level discrimination of time-varying sounds.

Abstract

To determine how listeners weight different portions of the signal when integrating level information, they were presented with 1-s noise samples the levels of which randomly changed every 100 ms by repeatedly, and independently, drawing from a normal distribution. A given stimulus could be derived from one of two such distributions, a decibel apart, and listeners had to classify each sound as belonging to the "soft" or "loud" group. Subsequently, logistic regression analyses were used to determine to what extent each of the ten temporal segments contributed to the overall judgment. In Experiment 1, a nonoptimal weighting strategy was found that emphasized the beginning, and, to a lesser extent, the ending of the sounds. When listeners received trial-by-trial feedback, however, they approached equal weighting of all stimulus components. In Experiment 2, a spectral change was introduced in the middle of the stimulus sequence, changing from low-pass to high-pass noise, and vice versa. The temporal location of the stimulus change was strongly weighted, much as a new onset. These findings are not accounted for by current models of loudness or intensity discrimination, but are consistent with the idea that temporal weighting in loudness judgments is driven by salient events.

DOI: 10.1121/1.2822883

Cite this paper

@article{Pedersen2008TemporalWI, title={Temporal weights in the level discrimination of time-varying sounds.}, author={Benjamin Pjedsted Pedersen and Wolfgang Ellermeier}, journal={The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America}, year={2008}, volume={123 2}, pages={963-72} }