Temporal variations in English Populations of a forest insect pest, the green spruce aphid (Elatobium abietinum), associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation and global warming

@article{WestgarthSmith2007TemporalVI,
  title={Temporal variations in English Populations of a forest insect pest, the green spruce aphid (Elatobium abietinum), associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation and global warming},
  author={Angus Westgarth-Smith and Suzanne A.G. Leroy and Philip E. F. Collins and Richard C. Harrington},
  journal={Quaternary International},
  year={2007},
  volume={173},
  pages={153-160}
}
Based on an exceptionally long modern ecological dataset (41 years), it has been possible to show that warm weather in England associated with a positive North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index causes the spring migration of the green spruce aphid (Elatobium abietinum), a pest species of spruce trees (Picea) to start earlier, continue for longer and contain more aphids. An upward trend in the NAO index during the period 1966–2006 is associated with an increasing population size of E. abietinum… 
Variation in the abundance of invertebrate predators of the green spruce aphid Elatobium abietinum (Walker) (Homoptera: Aphididae) along an altitudinal transect
TLDR
Generalist predators above a certain temperature regime have the capacity to prevent E. abietinum responding to further increases in environmental temperatures and eventually cause mean population densities to decline, and increases in the activity and abundance of natural enemies need to be considered when predicting how the aphid might respond to climate change.
Interannual dynamics of aerial and arboreal green spruce aphid populations
TLDR
The model provides confirmation that alate populations of spruce aphids, upon which a number of other extensive studies have been based, are ultimately influenced by similar endogenous and climatic factors and that they are a reasonable proxy for aphids on trees.
The effects of high temperatures on individuals and populations of the green spruce aphid Elatobium abietinum (Walker)
TLDR
It is indicated that high temperatures during mid‐summer have a significant impact on E. abietinum individuals and populations and, ultimately, may influence how the aphid responds to climate change.
Long-term phenological trends, species accumulation rates, aphid traits and climate: five decades of change in migrating aphids
TLDR
Phenology and trait ecology are critical to understanding the threat posed by emerging pests such as Myzus persicae nicotianae and Aphis fabae cirsiiacanthoidis, as revealed by the species accumulation analysis.
Non-linear feedback processes and a latitudinal gradient in the climatic effects determine green spruce aphid outbreaks in the UK
The role of climatic fluctuations in determining the dynamics of insect populations has been a classical problem in population ecology. Here, we use long-term annual data on green spruce aphid
Investigating the Impact of Climate Warming on Phenology of Aphid Pests in China Using Long-Term Historical Data
TLDR
It was found that, during a period of about 60 years, the first occurrence dates and the first migration dates of the three aphids almost moved earlier, while the end of the occurrence and the last migration dates were slightly delayed, which represented geographical variation at a local scale.
Effects of climate change on different geographical populations of the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae)
TLDR
Climate change had a greater effect on the phenology of H. armigera at higher latitudes than at lower latitudes and led to a greater increase in population size at lower Latitude than at higher Latitudes; the temperature increase atHigher latitudes will cause a greater rise in the adult moth population size in the future compared to that at lowerLatitudes.
Effects of climate change and crop planting structure on the abundance of cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
TLDR
A 25‐year dataset on climate, cropping planting structure, and the population dynamics of cotton bollworms from Bachu County, south Xinjiang, China, was analyzed to assess the effects of changes in climate and crop planting structure on the population Dynamics of H. armigera.
Potential effects of climate change on insect herbivores in European forests - general aspects and the pine processionary moth as specific example.
TLDR
The review is based on chapters of the “Study on impacts of climate change on European forests and options for adaptation” led by the European Forest Institute (Efi) and on results of the EU project “PROMOTH - Global change and pine processionary moth: a new challenge for integrated pest management”.
Effects of climate change on overwintering pupae of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Jian Huang, J. Li
  • Biology, Medicine
    International Journal of Biometeorology
  • 2014
TLDR
During the period of 1989–2006, the climate warming advanced the first-appearance date of overwintering pupae eclosion (FD) and end date of overflights (ED) of H. armigera and advanced the duration between the FD and ED (DFEPE) was prolonged by 1.09 days per year, which resulted in more eClosion of overwinters and advanced FD and prolonged DFEPE.
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
The impact of green spruce aphid, Elatobium abietinum (Walker), and root aphids on the growth of young Sitka spruce in Hafren Forest, Wales: effects on height, diameter and volume
TLDR
A field experiment in Hafren Forest, Wales, to determine the impact of green spruce aphid and root-aphids on the growth of young, 3–5 year-old Sitka spruce found that E. abietinum at the low, but typical densities present had no detectable effect on growth.
Fate and characteristics of Picea damaged by Elatobium abietinum (Walker) (Homoptera: Aphididae) in the White Mountains of Arizona
TLDR
Spruce aphid, Elatobium abietinum (Walker), is a new invasive pest in high-elevation forests of southwestern USA and will affect natural disturbance regimes and tree population dynamics in mixed-conifer and spruce-fir forests of the American Southwest.
The summer drought related hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) decline in eastern North America 5,700 to 5,100 years ago
High resolution paleoecological analyses from Shepherd Lake, Ontario, Canada, show that 10 to 100 year lake level fluctuations due to climatic change were responsible for alterations in the aquatic
Elm bark beetle in Holocene peat deposits and the northwest European elm decline
The elm decline of 5000 14C yr ago has been the most widely discussed phenomenon in post-glacial vegetation history. This pan-European reduction of elm populations, echoed in the decimation of
Mid-Holocene Hemlock Decline in Eastern North America Linked with Phytophagous Insect Activity
TLDR
It is shown that defoliation can affect ecosystems for centuries, especially when long-lived tree species are involved, as well as how it affected hemlock reproductive capacity and pollen productivity.
Dendroentomological and forest management implications in the Interior Douglas-fir zone of British Columbia, Canada
Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca Mirb. Franco) forests in the Interior of British Columbia, Canada, show periodic defoliation due to western spruce budworm (WSB) (Choristoneura
Performance of the green spruce aphid, Elatobium abietinum (Walker) on previously defoliated Sitka spruce
TLDR
The possibility that the performance of E. abietinum is reduced on previously infested Sitka spruce, and that this is the cause of year‐to‐year fluctuations in population density, was investigated by comparing population development and the growth rate of individual aphids on experimentally defoliated trees.
A first fossil record for Scolytus scolytus (F.) (elm bark beetle): its occurrence in elm decline deposits from London and the implications for neolithic elm disease
TLDR
The discovery of wing cases of two individuals from elm decline deposits at Hampstead Heath, London, proves that the beetle Scolytus scolytus (F.) (elm bark beetle) was present in Britain during this episode of NeolithicElm decline.
The potential for using Larix decidua ring widths in reconstructions of larch budmoth (Zeiraphera diniana) outbreak history: dendrochronological estimates compared with insect surveys
TLDR
The objective method based on ring measurements and comparison with non-host trees was compared with qualitative techniques based on the visual detection of conspicuous latewood anomalies, which distinguished growth reductions in larch due to climatic effects from those due to defoliation by LBM.
Spatially synchronous population dynamics: An indicator of Pleistocene faunal response to large-scale environmental change in the Holocene
Abstract Investigation of the population dynamics of animal species that survived the rapid climatic warming that marked the Pleistocene–Holocene transition may provide insight into the manner in
...
1
2
3
...