Temporal structure analysis of broadcast tennis video using hidden Markov models

Abstract

This work aims at recovering the temporal structure of a broadcast tennis video from an analysis of the raw footage. Our method relies on a statistical model of the interleaving of shots, in order to group shots into predefined classes representing structural elements of a tennis video. This stochastic modeling is performed in the global framework of Hidden Markov Models (HMMs). The fundamental units are shots and transitions. In a first step, colors and motion attributes of segmented shots are used to map shots into 2 classes: game (view of the full tennis court) and not game (medium, close up views, and commercials). In a second step, a trained HMM is used to analyze the temporal interleaving of shots. This analysis results in the identification of more complex structures, such as first missed services, short rallies that could be aces or services, long rallies, breaks that are significant of the end of a game and replays that highlight interesting points. These higher-level unit structures can be used either to create summaries, or to allow nonlinear browsing of the video.

DOI: 10.1117/12.476258

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@inproceedings{Kijak2003TemporalSA, title={Temporal structure analysis of broadcast tennis video using hidden Markov models}, author={Ewa Kijak and Lionel Oisel and Patrick Gros}, booktitle={Storage and Retrieval for Media Databases}, year={2003} }