Temporal dynamics of mating and predation in mosquito swarms

@article{Yuval2004TemporalDO,
  title={Temporal dynamics of mating and predation in mosquito swarms},
  author={Boaz Yuval and Amos Bouskila},
  journal={Oecologia},
  year={2004},
  volume={95},
  pages={65-69}
}
We determined the numbers of copulations and predatory attacks in swarms ofAnopheles freeborni (Diptera: Culicidae), and the distribution of these events throughout the duration of the swarming period each day. On 19 evenings of observation, we recorded 2724 copulating pairs leaving swarms and 1351 dragonfly (Pantala hymenaea andErythemis collocata) attacks. Mating activity partially coincided with predator activity. Most copulations occurred between 10 and 20 min after the swarms formed, while… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Structure and Dynamics of Male Swarms of Anopheles gambiae

Results indicate that swarms in this species are approximately spherical, with an unexpectedly high density of individuals close to the swarm centroid, supporting the hypothesis that swarming behavior is a mechanism of mate recognition and ultimately reproductive isolation.

AN AGGREGATION PHEROMONE MODULATES LEKKING BEHAVIOR IN THE VECTOR MOSQUITO AEDES AEGYPTI (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE)

The results suggest that the development of pheromone-based control systems and/or phersomone traps for the monitoring of vector populations is feasible, adding a new tool to combat this vector of several human pathogens.

Spatial distribution and male mating success of Anopheles gambiae swarms

BackgroundAnopheles gambiae mates in flight at particular mating sites over specific landmarks known as swarm markers. The swarms are composed of males; females typically approach a swarm, and leave

Ecology of reproduction of Anopheles arabiensis in an urban area of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso (West Africa): Monthly swarming and mating frequency and their relation to environmental factors

Swarming is a key part of the natural system of reproduction of anopheline mosquito populations, and a better understanding of swarming and mating systems in a targeted species in its natural habitat

Swarming Behavior of Aedes polynesiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) and Characterization of Swarm Markers in American Samoa

Comparisons between males swarming early and late during the swarming period allowed for insight into swarm composition in terms of male size and the amount of putative fluid in the crop, indicators of energetic reserves, and how the ecology of male Ae.

Participation of irradiated Anopheles arabiensis males in swarms following field release in Sudan

The survival probability decreased with the age of male on release but the swarm participation and the distance travelled by older males seemed higher than for younger males, and the inclusion of a pre-release period may thus be beneficial to male competitiveness and increase the attractiveness of adult sexing techniques, such as blood spiking.

Mating systems of blood-feeding flies.

  • B. Yuval
  • Biology
    Annual review of entomology
  • 2006
It is suggested that the intensity of sexual selection operating on males in systems where the probability of mating is low has favored male ability to control female receptivity.

FROG-BITING MIDGE (DIPTERA: CORETHRELLIDAE)

The mating behavior of frog-biting midges is revealed for the first time filling critical gaps in information about the reproduc tive biology of this family.

Effects of Age and Size on Anopheles gambiae s.s. Male Mosquito Mating Success

The results suggest that male size is an important trait in determining male mating competitiveness in the field and insemination success in the laboratory, and the implications in terms of sexual selection in An.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 36 REFERENCES

Observations on the Swarming and Mating of Some Pakistan Mosquitoes in Nature

Pairing was frequently observed in Anopheles culicifacies and Culex pipiens fatigans during cold, but not the warm seasons, and was infrequent in the remaining 8 species, but the increase in pairing at swarms during winter seemed related to changes in other diel behavioral rhythms which tended to bring flying virgin females in contact with male swarms.

The mating biology of a mass-swarming mayfly

Effect of body size on swarming behavior and mating success of maleAnopheles freeborni (Diptera: Culicidae)

The authors examined whether body size affects the swarming behavior and mating success of male Anopheles freeborninear California rice fields and found males swarming early were significantly smaller than those swarming during the peak or final minutes of the swarm.

Field Observations On Swarming and Mating in Anopheles Gambiae Mosquitoes in Tanzania1

Based on field observations, the swarming behaviour of two, closely related, mosquito species, Anopheles gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis, is described and compared. Males, captured from swarms, are

Symposium: Insect Behavioral Ecology--'80: Insect Swarming and Mating

The active aggregations of small animals are often called "swarms." The term has been applied to the mass flight of workers and queen from a fissioning beehive, and to the dispersal flights of

Mating in the mosquito, Anopheles gambiae s.l.

It is proposed that swarming brings about the aggregation necessary before short‐range attraction can take place, and that, in nature, anopheline mosquitoes orientate visually first to an arena and then to a marker within the arena.

Why insects swarm: testing the models for lek mating systems on swarming Empis borealis females

The female preference model and the hotspot model were corroborated, while other models were judged unlikely to explain swarming behavior in E. borealis.

Changes in the circadian flight activity of the mosquito Anopheles gambiae in relation to insemination, feeding and oviposition

The results suggest that the changes are brought about by factors which have differential effects on the components of the circadian pacemaker, and are consistent with the switches in behaviour in the wild, from mating to host‐ seeking, and then between host‐seeking and oviposition.

Male body size and mating success in swarms of the mayfly Epeorus longimanus

No evidence of size-assortative mating is found in E. longimanus indicating that males attempt to mate with every female encountered, consistent with the brief copulatory period in mayflies and overall low parental investment of males.