Temporal and spatial patterns of seed dispersal of Musa acuminata by Cynopterus sphinx

  title={Temporal and spatial patterns of seed dispersal of Musa acuminata by Cynopterus sphinx},
  author={Zhanhui Tang and Lianxi Sheng and Xun-Feng Ma and Min Cao and Stuart Parsons and Jie Ma and Shuyi Zhang},
ABSTRACT The foraging behavior of greater short-nosed fruit bats (Cynopterus sphinx) on wild banana (Musa acuminata) and subsequent dispersal of seeds were studied in the Tropical Rainforest Conservation Area, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Yunnan province, by direct observation of marked fruits, mist netting, and seed collection. The mean number (± SE) of individual C. sphinx captured by mist net were 2.2 ± 0.33/day and 1.4 ± 0.32/day in the rainy season (September to October) and… 

Spatial and temporal effects on seed dispersal and seed predation of Musa acuminata in southern Yunnan, China.

The overall results suggest that the largest proportion of seeds produced by wild banana are primarily dispersed by bats, which is essential for wild banana seeds to escape seed predation.

Seed dispersal of Syzygium oblatum (Myrtaceae) by two species of fruit bat (Cynopterus sphinx and Rousettus leschenaulti) in South-West China

Although S. oblatum is not dependent on R. leschenaulti and C. sphinx for successful germination of its seeds, these two species of bat are important seed dispersers and can move seeds to areas where there is a greater chance of germination success and survival.

Seed Dispersal Distances and Plant Migration Potential in Tropical East Asia

Most predictions of vegetation responses to anthropogenic climate change over the next 100 yr are based on plant physiological tolerances and do not account for the ability of plant species to

A comparison of the effectiveness of methods of deterring pteropodid bats from feeding on commercial fruit in Madagascar

Analysis of bat faecal samples revealed no feeding preference, suggesting that the bats feed extensively on Ficu s fruits rather than on fruit of economic importance, and an organic product made from dried blood and vegetable oil with a taste and odour aimed at deterring mammal feeding was used.

Recent Surveys of Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) from China II. Pteropodidae

Only five species of fruit bats are encountered with any regularity in mainland China and Hainan Island: Cynopterus sphinx, Eonycteris spelaea, Macroglossus sobrinus, Rousettus leschenaultii, and Sphaerias blanfordi.

The Critical Importance of Old World Fruit Bats for Healthy Ecosystems and Economies

Research on pteropodid-plant interactions, comprising diet, ecological roles, and ecosystem services, conducted during 1985-2020 is synthesised and notable research gaps and important research priorities are identified to support conservation action for pteripodids are identified.

Biotic Seed Dispersal Mechanisms of Tropical Rain Forests – Bats, Fishes, and Migratory Birds

Birds, mammals, fishes, and ants are major biotic dispersal agents of tropics; but, crabs, wasps, and dung beetles are also often reported as seed dispersal agent of tropical plants.

Evolutionary dynamics and biogeography of Musaceae reveal a correlation between the diversification of the banana family and the geological and climatic history of Southeast Asia

A link between the diversification and biogeography of Musaceae and geological history of the Southeast Asian subcontinent is found and evolutionary patterns within Musaceae were inferred using ancestral area reconstruction and diversification rate analyses.



Fruit consumption and seed dispersal of wild banana Musa acuminata by short-nosed fruit bat Cynopterus sphinx

Feeding behavior of the short-nosed fruit bat Cynopterus sphinx on fruits of wild banana Musa acuminata and seed dispersal were studied in the Tropical Rainforest Conservation Area, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Yunnan Province by observation, using mist net and seed collecting.

Fecundity, fruiting pattern, and seed dispersal in Piper amalago (Piperaceae), a bat-dispersed tropical shrub

The nightly and seasonal production of ripe fruit by Piper amalago (Piperaceae), a patchily distributed, bat-dispersed forest shrub, at Parque Nacional Santa Rosa, Costa Rica is described.

Greater Short-Nosed Fruit Bat (Cynopterus sphinx) Foraging and Damage in Vineyards in India

Observations carried out over a period of 36 nights in 1-ha plots of vineyards revealed that the species foraged in groups of 2–8 individuals with two peaks in foraging activity reflecting their behavioural adaptability in response to food quality and quantity.

Frugivory and seed dispersal by vertebrates in the Oriental (Indomalayan) Region

  • R. Corlett
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 1998
Most seeds in the Oriental Region, except near its northern margins, are dispersed by vertebrate families which are endemic to the region or to the Old World.

Nectar feeding behavior in the short-nosed fruit bat Cynopterus sphinx (Pteropodidae)

C. sphinx provides important pollination and seed-dispersal services to the plants that they visit nightly, and thus can profoundly influence the co-evolution of plants and bats.

Frugivorous Bats, Seed Shadows, and the Structure of Tropical Forests

The general factors that influence plant distribution patterns are discussed and it is concluded that seedling establishment probabilities are concordant with seed-deposition probabilities, at least in smallseeded, bat-dispersed colonizing plant species.

Acorn predation and removal of Quercus serrata in a shrubland in Dujiangyan Region,China

Differential consumption and removal of sound and insect-infested acorns by small rodents may play an important role in natural regeneration of some nut-bearing tree species, e.

Muntingia calabura — an attractive food plant of Cynopterus sphinx —deserves planting to lessen orchard damage

It is suggested that if M. calabura is grown in and around orchards, damage caused by C. sphinx to commercial fruit crops may be decreased and therefore would serve as a non-destructive method for managing removal of commercial fruits by bats.


Differences in the evolution of feeding strategies between mainland fruit-eating chiroptera and island species likely reflect differences in the spatio-temporal availability of resources in the two systems.


Foraging behavior of C. sphinx was quantified as individuals fed on fruits of Annona squamosa, leaves of Cassia fistula and Mimusops elengi, and fruits and leaves of Coccinia indica.