Oncostatin M Confers Neuroprotection against Ischemic Stroke.
The mRNA expression pattern of the neuropoietic cytokines, interleukin-11 (IL-11), oncostatin M (OSM) and cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), and their receptor components (IL-11Rα and OSMRβ) was examined in peripheral nerves on two different types of injury, crush and transection. The IL-11 mRNA increased after nerve damage and immediately returned to control levels. The OSM mRNA expression increased rapidly after nerve injury and relatively high expressions were maintained for at least 14 days. The CT-1 mRNA was not expressed in any time before and after the injury. Interestingly, IL-11Rα was expressed in the intact nerve and decreased after injury. The expression of OSMRβ increased slightly after the injury. Moreover, temporal mRNA expression pattern of these neuropoietic cytokines and receptors was similar between the crushed and transected models. Each neuropoietic cytokine of IL-11, OSM and CT-1 has its own specific temporal mRNA expression pattern, which is also different from those of ciliary neuro-trophic factor (CNTF), leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). These results suggest that all neuropoietic cytokines have distinctive functions in nerve degeneration and repair process in response to peripheral nerve injury.