Temporal Binding, Binocular Rivalry, and Consciousness

@article{Engel1999TemporalBB,
  title={Temporal Binding, Binocular Rivalry, and Consciousness},
  author={Andreas Karl Engel and Pascal Fries and Peter K{\"o}nig and Michael Brecht and Wolf Singer},
  journal={Consciousness and Cognition},
  year={1999},
  volume={8},
  pages={128-151}
}
Cognitive functions like perception, memory, language, or consciousness are based on highly parallel and distributed information processing by the brain. One of the major unresolved questions is how information can be integrated and how coherent representational states can be established in the distributed neuronal systems subserving these functions. It has been suggested that this so-called "binding problem" may be solved in the temporal domain. The hypothesis is that synchronization of… 

Figures from this paper

Binocular Rivalry and the Cerebral Hemispheres With a Note on the Correlates and Constitution of Visual Consciousness
TLDR
It is suggested that interhemispheric switching could involve alternating unihemispherical attentional selection of neuronal processes for access to visual consciousness, which is a special case of the important distinction between the neuronalrelates and constitution of visual consciousness.
Large scale temporal coordination of cortical activity as prerequisite for conscious experience
TLDR
The hypothesis is put forward that the mammalian brain uses two complementary representational strategies, one consists of the generation of neurons responding selectively to particular constellations of features, and is based on selective recombination of inputs in hierarchically structured feed-forward architectures.
Binding across Time: The Selective Gating of Frontal and Hippocampal Systems Modulating Working Memory and Attentional States
TLDR
Accumulated evidence for the role of a subcortical matrix in linking frontal and hippocampal systems to select and "stream" conscious episodes across time is reviewed.
Consciousness is not necessary for visual feature binding
TLDR
The results of this study suggest that orientation and location of a visually presented object are automatically integrated, even when subjects are unaware of that object.
The disunity of consciousness.
  • S. Zeki
  • Philosophy, Biology
    Progress in brain research
  • 2008
The neural codes of conscious perception and working memory
Abstract Working Memory (WM) and conscious cognition are intimately related neurocognitive functions. If conscious processing interacts with the information stored and available in WM, and if access
Visual temporal integration by multi-level regularities fosters the emergence of dynamic conscious experience
TLDR
These findings corroborate the essential role of structure-guided information integration in the generation of conscious content and highlight temporal integration by multi-level regularities as a fundamental mechanism to foster the emergence of continuous conscious experience.
“Multiplexing” cells of the visual cortex and the timing enigma of the binding problem
  • S. Zeki
  • Biology, Psychology
    The European journal of neuroscience
  • 2020
TLDR
The perennial binding problem is addressed, that is to say of how independently processed visual attributes such as form, colour and motion are brought together to give us a unified and holistic picture of the visual world.
Toward a Theory of Visual Consciousness
TLDR
It is proposed that each node of a processing-perceptual system creates its own microconsciousness, and that, if any binding occurs to give us the authors' integrated image of the visual world, it must be a binding between microconsciousnesses generated at different nodes.
Conscious Behavior Explained
  • M. Kurthen
  • Psychology, Philosophy
    Consciousness and Cognition
  • 1999
TLDR
It is argued that research on temporal binding plays no role in a naturalistic theory of consciousness if the gap argument can be solved on internal philosophical grounds or if it turns out to be unsolvable at the time being.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 123 REFERENCES
Role of the temporal domain for response selection and perceptual binding.
TLDR
The hypothesis is that synchronization of neuronal discharges can serve for the integration of distributed neurons into cell assemblies and that this process may underlie the selection of perceptually and behaviourally relevant information.
Temporal coding in the visual cortex: new vistas on integration in the nervous system
The Role of Neuronal Synchronization in Response Selection: A Biologically Plausible Theory of Structured Representations in the Visual Cortex
TLDR
Theoretical arguments and predictions concerning the mechanisms that could group neurons responding to related image components into coherently active aggregates are presented and it is proposed that the range of synchronizing interactions is a dynamic parameter of the cortical network so that the grain of the resultant grouping process may be adapted to the actual behavioral requirements.
Oscillatory Neuronal Responses in the Visual Cortex of the Awake Macaque Monkey
TLDR
This work finds in the caudal superior temporal sulcus of the macaque monkey (Macaca fascicularis) that adjacent neurons can synchronize their responses, in which case their discharges exhibit an oscillatory temporal structure.
A Neural Attentional Model for Access to Consciousness: A Global Workspace Perspective
TLDR
An explication of the role of this "neural global workspace" in providing the essential basis for the central control of attention and the generation of unified, conscious percepts is explication.
Visuomotor integration is associated with zero time-lag synchronization among cortical areas
TLDR
When cats responded to a sudden change of a visual pattern, neuronal activity in cortical areas exhibited synchrony without time lags; this synchrony was particularly strong between areas subserving related functions.
Stimulus-dependent synchronization of neuronal responses in the visual cortex of the awake macaque monkey
  • A. Kreiter, W. Singer
  • Biology, Psychology
    The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
  • 1996
TLDR
This hypothesis predicts that a given set of neurons should exhibit synchronized discharges more often when responding to a single stimulus than when activated by different but simultaneously presented stimuli.
Reentry and the problem of integrating multiple cortical areas: simulation of dynamic integration in the visual system.
TLDR
A dynamic model of reentry is developed, which solves the so-called "binding problem" through short-term correlations, which serve to link similar object features within a simulated cortical area and to bind multiple attributes of one or more objects across several areas, including a nontopographic one.
Visual synchrony affects binding and segmentation in perception
TLDR
It is shown that visual grouping is indeed facilitated when elements of one percept are presented at the same time as each other and are temporally separated from elements of another percept or from background elements.
The role of temporal cortical areas in perceptual organization.
  • D. Sheinberg, N. Logothetis
  • Biology, Psychology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1997
TLDR
The activity of single neurons in monkeys trained to report their percepts when viewing ambiguous stimuli was recorded, and the activity of almost all neurons in the inferior temporal cortex and the visual areas of the cortex of superior temporal sulcus was found to be contingent upon the perceptual dominance of an effective visual stimulus.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...