Temperature regulation in Turkey Vultures

@article{Arad1988TemperatureRI,
  title={Temperature regulation in Turkey Vultures},
  author={Zeev Arad and Marvin H. Bernstein},
  journal={The Condor},
  year={1988},
  volume={90},
  pages={913-919}
}
Temperature regulation by six Turkey Vultures (Cathartes aura) was studied at ambient temperatures (Ta) from 11 to 400C in a metabolic chamber. Within this range body temperature varied little, averaging 39.70C, and the ratio of CO2 production to 02 consumption averaged 0.76. The thermal-neutral zone (TNZ) extended from 26 to 400C. Below 260C evaporative water loss and the heat-transfer coefficient were minimal, reflecting maximum insulation, and breathing and heart rates remained nearly… 

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