Temperature-driven global sea-level variability in the Common Era

  title={Temperature-driven global sea-level variability in the Common Era},
  author={Robert E. Kopp and Andrew C. Kemp and Klaus Bittermann and Benjamin P. Horton and Jeffrey P. Donnelly and W. Roland Gehrels and Carling C Hay and Jerry X. Mitrovica and Eric D. Morrow and Stefan Rahmstorf},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  pages={E1434 - E1441}
  • R. Kopp, A. Kemp, S. Rahmstorf
  • Published 22 February 2016
  • Environmental Science
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Significance We present the first, to our knowledge, estimate of global sea-level (GSL) change over the last ∼3,000 years that is based upon statistical synthesis of a global database of regional sea-level reconstructions. GSL varied by ∼±8 cm over the pre-Industrial Common Era, with a notable decline over 1000–1400 CE coinciding with ∼0.2 °C of global cooling. The 20th century rise was extremely likely faster than during any of the 27 previous centuries. Semiempirical modeling indicates that… 

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