Temperature and aggression: ubiquitous effects of heat on occurrence of human violence.

@article{Anderson1989TemperatureAA,
  title={Temperature and aggression: ubiquitous effects of heat on occurrence of human violence.},
  author={C. Anderson},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={1989},
  volume={106 1},
  pages={
          74-96
        }
}
  • C. Anderson
  • Published 1989
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological bulletin
Outlines 5 models of the temperature-aggression hypothesis: negative affect escape, simple negative affect, excitation transfer/misattribution, cognitive neoassociation, and physiological-thermoregulatory. Reviews relevant studies. Aggression measures include violent crime, spouse abuse, horn-honking, and delivery of electric shock. Analysis levels include geographic regional, seasonal, monthly, and daily variations in aggression, and concomitant temperature-aggression effects in field and… Expand
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Two studies are reported that investigated the relationship between temperature and violent crime and failed to demonstrate the specified curvilinear relationship, and implications for the study of aggression are discussed. Expand
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TLDR
Results confirmed both predictions and indicated that more moderate but still uncomfortably warm temperatures produced similar effects and the suggestion that administration of a cooling drink would reduce the impact of high ambient temperatures upon overt aggression. Expand
Aggression and Heat: The Mediating Role of Negative Affect
Sixty-four undergraduate males received either very postive or very negative personal evaluations from an attitudinally similar or dissimilar stranger, and were then given an opportunity to aggressExpand
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Results indicated that high ambient temperatures facilitated aggression by nonangered subjects but actually inhibited such behavior by those who had previously been provoked. Expand
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Baron and Ransberger (1978) argue that civil violence increases as temperature rises into the mid 80s, and then decreases as temperatures rise further. Two experiments test this hypothesis using dataExpand
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To investigate the effects of aversive conditions on priming of aggressive thoughts, 16 men and 16 women were assigned to either a normal temperature condition (21°C) or a hot condition (33°C).Expand
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