Temperature, Cloud Structure, and Dynamics of Venus Middle Atmosphere by Infrared Remote Sensing from Pioneer Orbiter

@article{Taylor1979TemperatureCS,
  title={Temperature, Cloud Structure, and Dynamics of Venus Middle Atmosphere by Infrared Remote Sensing from Pioneer Orbiter},
  author={Fredric W. Taylor and David J. Diner and Lee S. Elson and Daniel J. Mccleese and John V. Martonchik and John Delderfield and S. P. Bradley and J. T. Schofield and John Gille and M. Terry Coffey},
  journal={Science},
  year={1979},
  volume={205},
  pages={65 - 67}
}
Further results from the Venus orbiter radiometric temperature experiment (VORTEX) on the Pioneer orbiter are presented. These are used to characterize the three-dimensional temperature field, the cloud structure, and the dynamics of the 60-to 130-kilometer altitude region of the Venus atmosphere. One of the new discoveries is a "dipole" structure at high latitudes, with two hot spots rotating around the pole, surrounded by banks of cold cloud. 
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Structure of the Venus neutral atmosphere as observed by the Radio Science experiment VeRa on Venus Express
[1] The European Space Agency Venus Express Radio Science experiment (VeRa) obtained 118 radio occultation measurements of the Venusian atmosphere between July 2006 and June 2007. Southern latitudes
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