Temperature, Cloud Structure, and Dynamics of Venus Middle Atmosphere by Infrared Remote Sensing from Pioneer Orbiter

  title={Temperature, Cloud Structure, and Dynamics of Venus Middle Atmosphere by Infrared Remote Sensing from Pioneer Orbiter},
  author={Fredric W. Taylor and David J. Diner and Lee S. Elson and Daniel J. Mccleese and John V. Martonchik and John Delderfield and S. P. Bradley and J. T. Schofield and John Gille and M. Terry Coffey},
  pages={65 - 67}
Further results from the Venus orbiter radiometric temperature experiment (VORTEX) on the Pioneer orbiter are presented. These are used to characterize the three-dimensional temperature field, the cloud structure, and the dynamics of the 60-to 130-kilometer altitude region of the Venus atmosphere. One of the new discoveries is a "dipole" structure at high latitudes, with two hot spots rotating around the pole, surrounded by banks of cold cloud. 

Preliminary results from the Pioneer Venus Orbiter infrared radiometer: Temperature and dynamics in the upper atmosphere

  • L. Elson
  • Environmental Science, Physics
  • 1979
Data from the infrared radiometer aboard the Pioneer Venus Orbiter are examined and interpreted within the context of zonally averaged temperatures and circulation in the upper atmosphere of Venus.

Structure and meteorology of the middle atmosphere of Venus: Infrared remote sensing from the Pioneer Orbiter

The structure and variability of the middle atmosphere of Venus (60 to 140 km) were studied from the Pioneer Venus orbiter by using an infrared remote sensing instrument developed from those on

Vertical structure of the atmosphere of Venus from Pioneer Venus orbiter radio occultations

Between December 1978 and February 1979 the Pioneer Venus orbiter spacecraft returned some 140 S band and X band radio occultation measurements of the Venus atmosphere. Results from 13 measurements,

Measurements of the mean, solar‐fixed temperature and cloud structure of the middle atmosphere of Venus

Data from the orbiter infrared radiometer (OIR) of the Pioneer Venus mission have allowed the global structure of the middle atmosphere of Venus to be studied in detail for the first time. Between 4

Nature of the Ultraviolet Absorber in the Venus Clouds: Inferences Based on Pioneer Venus Data

Several photometric measurements of Venus made from the Pioneer Venus orbiter and probes indicate that solar near-ultraviolet radiation is being absorbed throughout much of the main cloud region, but

Investigation of Venus' atmospheric thermal structure and cloud features over the northern nightside hemisphere applying self-consistent retrieval procedures

A new multi-window retrieval procedure (MWR) simultaneously determines air temperatures and cloud parameters in the nightside atmosphere of Venus in a self-consistent way. Comparative analyses of

Polar cloud structure as derived from the Pioneer Venus Orbiter

Pioneer Venus orbiter radio occultation data taken on orbits 9, 18, and 19 at S band (13.06 cm) are used to obtain vertical absorption coefficient profiles of the Venus clouds in the north polar

Venus zonal wind above the cloud layer




Infrared Remote Sounding of the Middle Atmosphere of Venus from the Pioneer Orbiter

Orbiter infrared measurements of the Venus atmosphere in the 60- to 140-kilometer region show very small diurnal temperature differences near the cloud tops, increasing somewhat at higher levels. The

Interpretation of Mariner 10 infrared observations of Venus

Abstract The infrared radiometer experiment on Mariner 10 measured limb darkening curves for Venus in two spectral intervals, one near 11 µm and the other near 45 µm. In this paper, these are

Remote temperature sounding in the presence of cloud by zenith scanning.

  • F. Taylor
  • Physics, Environmental Science
    Applied optics
  • 1974
It is proposed that the method will be valuable for the interpretation of measurements made by instruments on spin-stabilized spacecraft on planetary missions, since in these cases the required angular coverage is obtained automatically for most trajectories.

Short-Term Cyclic Variations and Diurnal Variations of the Venus Upper Atmosphere

Temperature variations of the same period in the stratosphere are discovered, which are tentatively interpreted as planetary-scale waves that may propagate upward producing the periodic variations in the thermosphere and exosphere.

On the inversion of limb radiance measurements. I.

The calculation of limb radiance as a function of tangent height is shown to require information about the vertical distribution of temperature and the pressure at one level. Conversely, given the

Analysis of Spectrophotometric Observations of Venus in the 3–4 Micron Region

Abstract Spectrophotometric data of Venus in the 3–4 µm region are analyzed in the context of current ideas concerning the cloud properties. The results show that a homogeneous cloud model, using a

behalf; the personnel of the NASA Communications Network at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Goddard Spaceflight Center, Madrid, and London for supporting daily JPL-Oxford computer linkups

  • Science Research Council
  • 1979

An Introduction to Dynamical Meterology

  • 1972