Temperament and arousal systems: A new synthesis of differential psychology and functional neurochemistry

@article{Trofimova2016TemperamentAA,
  title={Temperament and arousal systems: A new synthesis of differential psychology and functional neurochemistry},
  author={Irina Trofimova and Trevor William Robbins},
  journal={Neuroscience \& Biobehavioral Reviews},
  year={2016},
  volume={64},
  pages={382-402}
}

Figures and Tables from this paper

Functionality versus dimensionality in psychological taxonomies, and a puzzle of emotional valence

  • Irina Trofimova
  • Psychology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2018
Research shows that there are no specific neurophysiological systems of positive or negative affect, and that emotional valence is rather an integrative product of many brain systems during estimations of needs and the capacities required to satisfy these needs.

Opinion on monoaminergic contributions to traits and temperament

  • T. Robbins
  • Psychology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2018
Evidence relating temperamental traits and personality factors to the monoamine neurotransmitters, especially dopamine and serotonin, are reviewed, arguing that basic neuroscience research on the neural basis of behaviour in experimental animals should be taken more into account.

Emotionality vs. Other Biobehavioural Traits: A Look at Neurochemical Biomarkers for Their Differentiation

It is proposed to consider dispositional emotionality associated with OR systems as emotionality in a true sense, whereas to consider hormonal ensembles regulating SS and EMP as systems of behavioural orientation and not emotionality.

Between Temperament and Psychopathology: Examples from Neuropharmacological Challenge Tests in Healthy Humans

  • P. Netter
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Neuropsychobiology
  • 2021
In spite of the flaws of pharmacological challenge tests, they may be suitable for demonstrating similarities in TM affinities between psychopathological disturbances and respective temperament traits and for separating sub-entities of larger disease spectra.

Functional Constructivism Approach to Multilevel Nature of Bio-Behavioral Diversity

The present review highlights the benefits of using a Functional Constructivism approach in the analysis of the functionality of the main neurotransmitters, and demonstrates the possibility of unifying taxonomies of temperament and classifications of psychiatric disorders formally and systematically.

Benefits and limitations of drug studies in temperament research: biochemical responses as indicators of temperament

  • P. Netter
  • Psychology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2018
The major conclusions are: (i) intra-individual patterns of hormone responses to different TM-related drugs, or to agonists and antagonists, can help to discriminate subtypes of temperament dimensions, and (ii) the latency and shape of response curves may help specify processes of biological responses related to psychological dimensions and reveal common TM sensitivities in clusters of traits.

Benefits of Distinguishing between Physical and Social-Verbal Aspects of Behavior: An Example of Generalized Anxiety

Findings show the benefits of differentiation between motor-physical and social-verbal aspects of behavior in psychological assessment of mental disorders.

A Study of the Coupling of FET Temperament Traits with Major Depression

The value of differentiating between physical, social, and mental aspects of behavior is demonstrated in the differential effects of major depression and gender.

There is more to mental illness than negative affect: comprehensive temperament profiles in depression and generalized anxiety

The results suggest the benefits of including non-emotionality-related traits and the usefulness of a functional approach to both taxonomy of temperament and classification of mental disorders.

Contingent Tunes of Neurochemical Ensembles in the Norm and Pathology: Can We See the Patterns?

This analysis demonstrates the possibility of constructivism-based unifying taxonomies of temperament (in the framework of the neurochemical model functional ensemble of temperament) and classifications of psychiatric disorders.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 294 REFERENCES

Psychophysiology and Personality: Extraversion, Neuroticism and Psychoticism

Arousal systems and attentional processes

  • T. Robbins
  • Psychology, Biology
    Biological Psychology
  • 1997

Arousal, affect, and attention as components of temperament.

Findings suggested that arousal can be usefully assessed in terms of its central, autonomic, and motor components and emotions of sadness, relief, and low-intensity pleasure were most closely related to the measures of central arousal.

Benefits of Distinguishing between Physical and Social-Verbal Aspects of Behavior: An Example of Generalized Anxiety

Findings show the benefits of differentiation between motor-physical and social-verbal aspects of behavior in psychological assessment of mental disorders.

Differential Psychophysiology and the Diagnosis of Temperament

Constitutional research that relates temperament, physiological-biochemical features, and physique has a long but disappointing history. Empirically, the assumed psycho-morphological as well as

Individual differences in mood reactions to d-amphetamine: a test of three personality factors

Findings suggest a link between psychoticism and dopaminergic functioning, although they do not rule out the involvement of other transmitter systems (e.g. noradrenergic).

Noradrenergic modulation of cognition: Therapeutic implications

An overview of available infrahuman and healthy human studies exploring the effects of specific noradrenergic manipulations on dissociable cognitive functions, including attention, working memory, cognitive flexibility, response inhibition and emotional memory is provided.

Personality and individual differences in spinal motoneuronal excitability.

The results demonstrate that individual differences in disinhibition and extraversion can be referred to discrete levels of CNS motor system activity.

Concepts and Mechanisms of Generalized Central Nervous System Arousal

D disorders of generalized arousal can be associated with a large number of problems in medicine and public health, including vegetative states, attentional disorders, depression, occupational hazards, and problems with sleep and anesthesia.
...