Temperament and arousal systems: A new synthesis of differential psychology and functional neurochemistry

@article{Trofimova2016TemperamentAA,
  title={Temperament and arousal systems: A new synthesis of differential psychology and functional neurochemistry},
  author={Irina Trofimova and Trevor William Robbins},
  journal={Neuroscience \& Biobehavioral Reviews},
  year={2016},
  volume={64},
  pages={382-402}
}
This paper critically reviews the unidimensional construct of General Arousal as utilised by models of temperament in differential psychology for example, to underlie 'Extraversion'. Evidence suggests that specialization within monoamine neurotransmitter systems contrasts with the attribution of a "general arousal" of the Ascending Reticular Activating System. Experimental findings show specialized roles of noradrenaline, dopamine, and serotonin systems in hypothetically mediating three… Expand
Functionality versus dimensionality in psychological taxonomies, and a puzzle of emotional valence
  • I. Trofimova
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2018
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Research shows that there are no specific neurophysiological systems of positive or negative affect, and that emotional valence is rather an integrative product of many brain systems during estimations of needs and the capacities required to satisfy these needs. Expand
Opinion on monoaminergic contributions to traits and temperament
  • T. Robbins
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2018
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Evidence relating temperamental traits and personality factors to the monoamine neurotransmitters, especially dopamine and serotonin, are reviewed, arguing that basic neuroscience research on the neural basis of behaviour in experimental animals should be taken more into account. Expand
Between Temperament and Psychopathology: Examples from Neuropharmacological Challenge Tests in Healthy Humans
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In spite of the flaws of pharmacological challenge tests, they may be suitable for demonstrating similarities in TM affinities between psychopathological disturbances and respective temperament traits and for separating sub-entities of larger disease spectra. Expand
Benefits and limitations of drug studies in temperament research: biochemical responses as indicators of temperament
  • P. Netter
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2018
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The major conclusions are: (i) intra-individual patterns of hormone responses to different TM-related drugs, or to agonists and antagonists, can help to discriminate subtypes of temperament dimensions, and (ii) the latency and shape of response curves may help specify processes of biological responses related to psychological dimensions and reveal common TM sensitivities in clusters of traits. Expand
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  • Medicine
  • Frontiers in Psychiatry
  • 2020
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The suggestion is to focus on the relationship between temperament in healthy individuals and mental illness, which have been conjectured to lie along a continuum of neurobehavioral regulation involving neurochemical regulatory systems, and cortical regulatory systems (e.g., prefrontal, limbic). Expand
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