Temperament, childhood environment and psychopathology as risk factors for avoidant and borderline personality disorders.

@article{Joyce2003TemperamentCE,
  title={Temperament, childhood environment and psychopathology as risk factors for avoidant and borderline personality disorders.},
  author={Peter R. Joyce and Janice M. Mckenzie and Suzanne E. Luty and Roger T. Mulder and Janet D. Carter and Patrick F. Sullivan and Claude Robert Cloninger},
  journal={The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry},
  year={2003},
  volume={37 6},
  pages={
          756-64
        }
}
OBJECTIVE To evaluate childhood experiences (neglect and abuse), temperament and childhood and adolescent psychopathology as risk factors for avoidant and borderline personality disorders in depressed outpatients. METHOD One hundred and eighty depressed outpatients were evaluated for personality disorders. Risk factors of childhood abuse, parental care, temperament, conduct disorder symptoms, childhood and adolescent anxiety disorders, depressive episodes, hypomania and alcohol and drug… 
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