Temper Tantrums in Young Children: 1. Behavioral Composition

@article{Potegal2003TemperTI,
  title={Temper Tantrums in Young Children: 1. Behavioral Composition},
  author={Michael Potegal and Richard J. Davidson},
  journal={Journal of Developmental \& Behavioral Pediatrics},
  year={2003},
  volume={24},
  pages={140–147}
}
  • M. Potegal, R. Davidson
  • Published 1 June 2003
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
&NA; Although tantrums are among the most common behavioral problems of young children and may predict future antisocial behavior, little is known about them. To develop a model of this important phenomenon of early childhood, behaviors reported in parental narratives of the tantrums of 335 children aged 18 to 60 months were encoded as present or absent in consecutive 30‐second periods. Principal Component (PC) analysis identified Anger and Distress as major, independent emotional and… Expand
Temper Tantrums in Young Children: 2. Tantrum Duration and Temporal Organization
TLDR
This model indicates that tantrums can provide a window on the intense emotional processes of childhood and indicates that anger rises quickly, has its peak at or near the beginning of the tantrum, and declines thereafter. Expand
Characteristics of temper tantrums in preschoolers with disruptive behavior in a clinical setting.
TLDR
Clinician-observed, naturally occurring temper tantrums in preschoolers ages 2 to 5 diagnosed with severe behavior problems corroborate those of previous studies using retrospective parent reports and indicate perceptions of behavioral improvement but no change in tantrum behavior. Expand
Anger in Children’s Tantrums: A New, Quantitative, Behaviorally Based Model
Because excessive anger in early childhood can predict later psychopathology, quantifying its intensity and time course is clinically important. Anger consists of a set of experiential,Expand
Rages or Temper Tantrums? The Behavioral Organization, Temporal Characteristics, and Clinical Significance of Angry-Agitated Outbursts in Child Psychiatry Inpatients
TLDR
Age trends, factor structure, and temporal organization of AAOs all indicate that they are exacerbated tantrums, and the AAOs of children with anxiety or PDD diagnoses showed significantly more distress relative to anger. Expand
Assessment of temper tantrums behaviour among preschool children in Jordan.
TLDR
The results draw attention to significant aspects of tantrums, such as the duration, where children managed to maintain a tantrum episode for more than seven minutes on average. Expand
Continuity and change in anger and aggressiveness from infancy to childhood: The protective effects of positive parenting
TLDR
Findings indicate the significance of very early manifestations of angry aggressiveness and have relevance for developmental theories of aggression and prevention strategies and for family risk factors and positive parenting. Expand
Relations Between Toddler Expressive Language and Temper Tantrums in a Community Sample.
TLDR
It is shown that language and temper tantrums are related, and that this relation is present in the second year of life, and the importance of assessing both language and mental health risk in order to promote earlier identification and intervention for early childhood disorders. Expand
Understanding Phasic Irritability: Anger and Distress in Children’s Temper Outbursts
Pediatric irritability can be highly impairing and is implicated in adverse outcomes. The phasic component, characterized by temper outbursts, is a frequent impetus to seek treatment. This studyExpand
Parental Responses to Temper Outbursts in Children With ADHD: The Role of Psychological Factors
TLDR
Parental anger and sense of competence were not significantly related to any discipline responses after covarying for TO characteristics, although sense of competency predicted spanking at trend-level significance. Expand
Young Chinese children’s anger and distress
A hierarchical cluster analysis of the time course of the videotaped reactions of 75 Chinese 2–4-year olds to mothers’ toy-removal identified Distress, Low Anger, and High Anger behavior clusters.Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 62 REFERENCES
Psychosocial Correlates of Severe Temper Tantrums
TLDR
Factors independently associated with tantrums included maternal depression and irritability, low education, and use of corporal punishment, manual social class, marital stress, child care provided exclusively by the mother, and poor child health. Expand
Temper Tantrums in Young Children
A temper tantrum is a violent outburst of anger. An­ ger is a basic human emotion that is manifested early in infancy and continues throughout the life span. Anger is a normal reaction toExpand
Demand-Related Tantrums
TLDR
A treatment was designed that attempted to reduce the aversiveness of the demand situation by introducing strongly preferred reinforcers to make tantrums nonfunctional, which produced strong, sustained suppression of tantrums and increased levels of task compliance. Expand
Moving Against the World: Life-Course Patterns of Explosive Children
Do ill-tempered children become ill-tempered adults? What are the life-course consequences of such an explosive interactional style? What processes can account for the persistence of maladaptiveExpand
Young children's understanding of the causes of anger and sadness.
  • L. Levine
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Child development
  • 1995
TLDR
K kindergarten children's understanding of the causes of anger and sadness showed that intentional harm was not the feature young children used to distinguish anger from sadness. Expand
Troubled family interaction during toddlerhood
To examine the antecedents and consequences of troubled family interaction during the “terrible twos,” 64 of 69 families rearing firstborn sons who were observed in the child's second year of lifeExpand
Emotion displays in two-year-olds during mishaps.
TLDR
Children's styles of emotional response to mishaps may be related to maternal mental health, and the role of emotion in the formation of individual differences in sociomoral functioning and factors contributing to early differences are discussed. Expand
Behavior problems in pre-school children of West Indian-born parents: a re-examination of family and social factors.
  • F. Earls, N. Richman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 1980
TLDR
The global rating of severity of behavior adjustment suggests that behavior problems may be more frequent as well as more severe for the children of British-born parents. Expand
Trouble in the second year: three questions about family interaction.
3 questions regarding family interaction in the second year of life are addressed in this report on 69 families rearing firstborn sons. Question 1 concerns the identification, via cluster analysis,Expand
Seven deadly sins of childhood: advising parents about difficult developmental phases.
Seven of the more difficult developmental phases for any parent to deal with are colic, awakening at night, separation anxiety, normal exploratory behavior, normal negativism, normal poor appetite,Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...