Television News and the Cultivation of Fear of Crime

@article{Romer2003TelevisionNA,
  title={Television News and the Cultivation of Fear of Crime},
  author={Daniel Romer and Kathleen Hall Jamieson and Sean Aday},
  journal={Journal of Communication},
  year={2003},
  volume={53},
  pages={88-104}
}
Why has the public persisted in believing that violent crime is a widespread national problem in the U.S. despite declining trends in crime and the fact that crime is concentrated in urban locations? Cultivation theory suggests that widespread fear of crime is fueled in part by heavy exposure to violent dramatic programming on prime-time television. Here we explore a related hypothesis: that fear of crime is in part a by-product of exposure to crime-saturated local television news. To test this… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Television consumption, fear of crime, and racial beliefs: Understanding the relationship between crime television viewing, fear of crime, and perceptions of races.
The average American citizen has a myriad of fears, but the fear of death, especially through crime, tends to be at the forefront of many Americans’ minds. The prevalence of the media in today’sExpand
Violence in Popular U.S. Prime Time TV Dramas and the Cultivation of Fear: A Time Series Analysis
Gerbner and Gross’s cultivation theory predicts that prolonged exposure to TV violence creates fear of crime, symptomatic of a mean world syndrome. We tested the theory’s prediction in a time seriesExpand
Crime News and Racialized Beliefs: Understanding the Relationship Between Local News Viewing and Perceptions of African Americans and Crime
A survey of Los Angeles County adults was undertaken to determine whether exposure to the overrepresentation of Blacks as criminals on local news programs, attention to crime news, and news trustExpand
Predictors of Fear of Crime and the Relationship of Crime Rates and Fear of Crime
Research has shown that demographic characteristics, media exposure, perceived risk to crime, and victimization are associated with a person’s perception of crime. Also, many times a person’sExpand
Media Consumption, Perceptions of Crime Risk and Fear of Crime: Examining Race/Ethnic Differences
This study compares the impact of multiple forms of crime-related media across white, Latino, and African American respondents on their perception of crime risk in their neighborhoods and fear ofExpand
Crime news, fear of crime, and mistrust: an examination of protective factors against influences of local crime news
ABSTRACT This study investigates interpersonal communication ties and a neighborhood context as moderators of the influences of local crime news on fear of crime and mistrust. Data from a web surveyExpand
6-17-2014 Violence in Popular U . S . Prime Time TV Dramas and the Cultivation of Fear : A Time Series Analysis
Gerbner and Gross’s cultivation theory predicts that prolonged exposure to TV violence creates fear of crime, symptomatic of a mean world syndrome. We tested the theory’s prediction in a time seriesExpand
Framing and Cultivating the Story of Crime
The current study extended prior research by considering the effects of media, victimization, and network experiences on attitudes about crime and justice, drawing on the problem frame, cultivation,Expand
Kids, Crime, and Local Television News
The vast majority of crime reporting occurs on local television news and in newspapers. Although crimes are extraordinary events, they assume an ordinariness that only daily reporting can give them.Expand
Media Exposure and Fear About Crime: An Application of Mediated Fear Model
Social behavior can be troubled by the constant concern of crime. Research on the relationship between traditional media crime exposure, social media crime videos, and fear about the crime is scarce.Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 45 REFERENCES
Feeling Safe by Comparison: Crime in the Newspapers
Fear of crime has emerged as a significant social issue. Survey research suggests that it has significantly increased since the mid-1960s and that it has become a component of the stresses, strains,Expand
Media Constructions of Crime
The news media are a vital part of the process by which individuals' private troubles with crime—as victims or offenders—are transformed into public issues. The social construction of crime problemsExpand
The Treatment of Persons of Color in Local Television News
Blaming outgroups for social problems is a common discursive practice. However, it is not clear whether this discourse represents ethnocentric bias or realistic group conflict. To compare theseExpand
Politics, Public Policy, and Street Crime
For more than two decades, the United States has been at war with street crime, but we have precious little to show for it. Our obsession with punishment at the expense of, indeed to the exclusionExpand
Fear of Crime as a Social Fact
Fear of crime has emerged as a significant issue. Much research has investigated the extent and distribution of fear across such social statuses as age, sex, class, and race. Our research takes aExpand
The Fruits of Cultivation Analysis: A Reexamination of Some Effects of Television Watching
A set of items from the General Social Survey for 1975 and 1977 measuring alienation and fear of walking near one's home at night, which were claimed by Gerbner et al. (1978a) to be related to heavyExpand
A Methodological Investigation of Cultivation.
Cultivation theory states that television engenders negative emotions in heavy viewers. Noting that cultivation methodology contains an apparent response bias, a study examined relationships betweenExpand
News That Matters: Television and American Opinion
Almost twenty-five years ago, Shanto Iyengar and Donald R. Kinder first documented a series of sophisticated and innovative experiments that unobtrusively altered the order and emphasis of newsExpand
Media effects : advances in theory and research
Contents: Preface. M. McCombs, A. Reynolds, News Influence on Our Pictures of the World. D. Zillmann, Exemplification Theory of Media Influence. G. Gerbner, L. Gross, M. Morgan, N. Signorielli, J.Expand
A Methodological Examination of Cultivation
Two issues in clutivation research were considered. First, because cultivation methodology contains an apparent response bias, relationships were examined between television exposure and positiveExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...