Television, Cognitive Ability, and High School Completion

  title={Television, Cognitive Ability, and High School Completion},
  author={{\O}ystein M. Hern{\ae}s and Simen Markussen and Knut H. R{\o}ed},
  journal={The Journal of Human Resources},
  pages={371 - 400}
We exploit supply-driven heterogeneity in the expansion of cable television across Norwegian municipalities to identify developmental effects of commercial television exposure during childhood. We find that higher exposure to commercial television reduces cognitive ability and high school graduation rates for boys. The effects appear to be driven by consumption of light television entertainment crowding out more cognitively stimulating activities. Point estimates suggest that the effects are… 
The impact of commercial television on turnout and public policy: Evidence from Norwegian local politics
We investigate the impact of commercial television on political participation and local policy outcomes. Exploiting a geographically staggered expansion of cable television after the liberalization
Out-of-School Use of Time and Its Association with Gender Differences in Educational Outcomes
Recent gender literature has highlighted that boys and girls devote their out-of-school time in dissimilar ways, which may differentially influence their academic achievement. Furthermore, this
The Political Legacy of Entertainment TV
We study the political impact of commercial television in Italy exploiting the staggered introduction of Berlusconi’s private TV network, Mediaset, in the early 1980s. We find that individuals with
Allocation of time and child socio-emotional skills
In this study, we investigate the effect of time allocation on children’s non-cognitive development, using data from the Millennium Cohort Study (UK) and focusing on children aged 7 and 11 years. We
Television, Health, and Happiness: A Natural Experiment in West Germany
IZA DP No. 14721 SEPTEMBER 2021 Television, Health, and Happiness: A Natural Experiment in West Germany* Watching television is the most time-consuming human activity besides work but its role for
The allocation of after-school time and child socio-emotional skills
In this paper, we study the effect of the allocation of after-school time on children’s noncognitive development, using data from the Millennium Cohort Study (UK) and focusing on children aged 7-11
Parallelization: the Fourth Leg of Cultural Globalization Theory
  • Björn Boman
  • Medicine
    Integrative psychological & behavioral science
  • 2021
Examples discussed are large-scale migration flows which lead to increased segregation in host societies while integration of migrants occur as a parallel process, and clear indications of that the biological component of cognitive abilities decreases due to fertility patterns in many locations around the globe, while the IQ test scores have risen as a consequence of various environmental factors.
Health's kitchen: TV, edutainment and nutrition
Beeinflusst die Medienexposition das Gesundheitsverhalten? Und wie? Wir nutzen die Umstellung auf digitales Fernsehen in den italienischen Regionen, die exogen die Zahl der nationalen


Preschool Television Viewing and Adolescent Test Scores: Historical Evidence from the Coleman Study
We use heterogeneity in the timing of television's introduction to different local markets to identify the effect of preschool television exposure on standardized test scores during adolescence. Our
The Effect of Schooling on Cognitive Skills
Abstract To identify the causal effect of schooling on cognitive skills, we exploit conditionally random variation in the date Swedish males take a battery of cognitive tests in preparation for
Language Skills and Earnings: Evidence from Childhood Immigrants
Research on the effect of language skills on earnings is complicated by the endogeneity of language skills. This study exploits the phenomenon that younger children learn languages more easily than
The today and tomorrow of kids: Time preferences and educational outcomes of children
We experimentally investigate the distribution of children's time preferences along gender and racial lines. We find that boys are more impatient than girls and black children are more impatient than
Schooling in adolescence raises IQ scores
It is found that a reform that increased compulsory schooling from 7 to 9 y in Norway in the 1960s to estimate the effect of education on IQ had a substantial effect on IQ scores measured at the age of 19 y.
Television and Voter Turnout
I use variation across markets in the timing of television's introduction to identify its impact on voter turnout. The estimated effect is significantly negative, accounting for between a quarter and
Early Childhood Education by MOOC: Lessons from Sesame Street
This paper investigates whether preschool children exposed to Sesame Street when it began in 1969 experienced improved educational and labor market outcomes subsequently. We exploit geographic
The role of high school performance in explaining women's rising college enrollment
Abstract While male high school graduates were more likely to enroll in college than their female counterparts three decades ago, this pattern reversed by the late 1980s. The gender gap in college
The Effects of Exposure to Better Neighborhoods on Children: New Evidence from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment
It is found that moving to a lower-poverty neighborhood when young (before age 13) increases college attendance and earnings and reduces single parenthood rates, and moving as an adolescent has slightly negative impacts.
Education, Income, and Ability
Current estimates of the contribution of education to economic growth have been questioned because they ignore the interaction of education with ability. Whether the neglect of ability differences in