Telepresence in Videocommunications: A Study on Stereoscopy and Individual Eye Contact

@article{Mhlbach1995TelepresenceIV,
  title={Telepresence in Videocommunications: A Study on Stereoscopy and Individual Eye Contact},
  author={L. M{\"u}hlbach and M. B{\"o}cker and A. Prussog},
  journal={Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society},
  year={1995},
  volume={37},
  pages={290 - 305}
}
We conducted two experiments to investigate how stereoscopy and technologies that allow individual eye contact affect the impression of telepresence in videoconferencing. Telepresence is defined as the degree to which participants of a telemeeting get the impression of sharing space with the remote site. Results revealed, among other things, that stereoscopy increases telepresence and makes videoconferencing more attractive. In addition, we found that reduced eye contact angles enhance the… Expand

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

VIDEO CONFERENCING SYSTEMS: TELEPRESENCE AND SELECTION INTERVIEWS
TLDR
A study of the effect of visual degradation on participants’ perceptions of job ‘applicants’ and feeling of telepresence and it showed that reported feelings oftelepresence increased with the bandwidth although impression formation did not alter. Expand
Stereoscopic video telephony: naturalness and sense of presence
TLDR
Results obtained with a new set of stereoscopic sequences containing depth scenes that were created through manipulation of camera focal length, background scene, and camera convergence point confirmed the previous findings that sense of presence is enhanced for certain stereoscopic video sequences, compared to non-stereoscopic sequences. Expand
Improving Spatial Perception in Telepresence and Teleaction Systems by Displaying Distance Information through Visual and Vibrotactile Feedback
TLDR
Methods for displaying remotely measured distance between a teleoperator and a target object through visual and vibrotactile displays in order to improve spatial perception in TPTA systems are presented and it is proposed to exploit human sensory illusions of the vib rotactile sense to overcome limitations of vibrotACTile displays. Expand
VIRTUE – The step towards immersive telepresence in virtual videoconference systems
We present the challenging project VIRTUE, which will supersede current video conferencing systems. The essential features of this virtual video conferencing system, aiming at a convincing impressionExpand
Towards 3 D-Aware Telepresence : Working on Technologies Behind the Scene
Telepresence has gone a long way since first seminal works on shared task and person spaces [1]. After a number of technologies, such as broadband internet, high quality HD lowdelay videoExpand
Model based 3D gaze estimation for provision of virtual eye contact
TLDR
A new approach will be presented which performs an eye and gaze tracking directly on the real-time 3D model rather than on the 2D image, which not only provides robust and highly accurate results but is also able to additionally measure the distance between the conferees eye and the display with high precision. Expand
MAKING MEDIA SPACES USEFUL : VIDEO SUPPORT AND TELEPRESENCE
Media spaces support remotely based cooperative activities and in some cases promote telepresence. Often, however, video use surrounding these systems has not been completely adequate or evenExpand
Desktop video conferencing
TLDR
This guide aims to provide an introduction to Desktop Video Conferencing (DVC), which provides live audio and visual communication in real time from a standard PC and allows one to one and multiple user conferences by participants in different physical locations. Expand
Desktop Video Conferencing: A Systems Approach
TLDR
This chapter provides a systems approach to the discussion of human factors issues related to the use of desktop video conferencing systems and presents guidelines, methods, and issues to consider when designing video conferecing systems that promote effective communication. Expand
Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system
TLDR
A set of algorithms and an associated display system capable of producing correctly rendered eye contact between a three-dimensionally transmitted remote participant and a group of observers in a 3D teleconferencing system able to reproduce the effects of gaze, attention, and eye contact generally missing in traditional teleconferences. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES
Communicative Presence in Videocommunications
TLDR
The results showed that large eye-contact angles as well as a low resolution decrease the feeling of Communicative Presence, and the hypothesis concerning the benefits of a view-per-person representation could not be verified. Expand
Video telephony
TLDR
The results of behavioral science studies of visual communication indicate that adding video to voice calls increases the effectiveness of human communication. Expand
Virtual Window Viewing Geometry
  • J. Merritt
  • Computer Science, Engineering
  • Optics East
  • 1989
TLDR
"virtual window" camera/display geometry is reviewed and initial performance testing with a simple prototype is reported on, which provides intuitive head-coupled aiming of the camera system field-of-view as the observer shifts left /right or up /down. Expand
Factors that Affect Depth Perception in Stereoscopic Displays
This study investigated several factors that affect depth perception in stereoscopic displays: half-image separation magnitude, separation direction (crossed vs. uncrossed), viewing distance,Expand
Speech patterns in video-mediated conversations
TLDR
This study compared patterns of spontaneous speech for same room versus two video-mediated conversations that used a single camera, monitor and speaker, and a picture-in-a-picture device to display multiple people on one screen. Expand
Judgments of Size and Distance with Imaging Displays
  • S. Roscoe
  • Engineering, Medicine
  • Human factors
  • 1984
TLDR
Results of an experimental investigation of biased distance judgments with a projection periscope accounted for, but did not explain, a portion of the systematic error. Expand
Autostereoscopic 3D-imaging by front and rear projection and on flat panel displays
Abstract Autostreoscopic photographic and video systems for taking and projecting spatial images onto large lenticular screens in order to create panoramic parallax streograms have been developed atExpand
The videophone 2500 — Video telephony on the public switched telephone network
The AT&T VideoPhone 2500 is the first video telephone to provide color, motion video over the analog loop on the public switched telephone network. The enabling technologies include video and audioExpand
Remote Conference Interpreting Using ISDN Videotelephone: A Requirements Analysis and Feasibility Study
TLDR
The most important conclusion is that remote interpreting using ISDN videotelephony is possible only at a cost in terms of both increased fatigue and less satisfaction of the interpreters with their work. Expand
Human Factors and Appearance Design Considerations of the Mod II PICTUREPHONE® Station Set
This paper treats the human factor considerations involved in the Mod II PICTUREPHONE®set development to maximize customer safety and usage efficiency, to provide a functional circuit environment,Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...