Telepathy: Origins of Randomization in Experimental Design

@article{Hacking1988TelepathyOO,
  title={Telepathy: Origins of Randomization in Experimental Design},
  author={Ian Hacking},
  journal={Isis},
  year={1988},
  volume={79},
  pages={427 - 451}
}
  • I. Hacking
  • Published 1 September 1988
  • Psychology
  • Isis
PSYCHIC RESEARCH may seem an implausible place to study the emergence of a new kind of experimental methodology. Yet it is there that we find the first faltering use, by many investigators, of a technique that is now standard in many sciences and mandatory in much sociology and biology. Indeed randomization is so commonplace that anyone untroubled by the fundamental principles of statistics must suppose that the practice is quite uncontroversial. That is not so. Before I proceed to my story, a… 
Randomization Does Not Help Much, Comparability Does
According to R.A. Fisher, randomization “relieves the experimenter from the anxiety of considering innumerable causes by which the data may be disturbed.” Since, in particular, it is said to control
On Charles S. Peirce's Lecture "How to Theorize" (1903)
in subsequent archeological or other discoveries; and on each of those five occasions my conclusions, which in every case ran counter to that of the highest authorities turned out to be correct.
The origins of French experimental psychology: experiment and experimentalism
light of a history of French psychology which has still to be written. Taine, Ribot, Janet and Binet can be considered the founders in France of a psychology with scientific aspirations; the
Replication and Meta-Analysis in Parapsychology
Parapsychology, the laboratory study of psychic phenomena, has had its history interwoven with that of statistics. Many of the controversies in parapsychology have focused on statistical issues, and
The Method of Randomization and the Role of Reasoned Intuition
The method of randomization has been a major driver in the recent rise to prominence of empirical development economics. It has helped uncover patterns and facts that had earlier escaped attention.
A nice arrangement of heterodoxies: William McDougall and the professionalization of psychical research.
  • E. Asprem
  • Psychology
    Journal of the history of the behavioral sciences
  • 2010
TLDR
It is argued that Rhine's mentor, the controversial British psychologist William McDougall (1871-1938), has a stronger claim to the parenthood of modern parapsychology than is typically recognized.
The experimental evidence for parapsychological phenomena: A review.
TLDR
The domain of psi is clarified, recent theories from physics and psychology that present psi phenomena as at least plausible are summarized, and an overview of recent/updated meta-analyses are provided.
Psychology and psychical research in France around the end of the 19th century
During the last third of the 19th century, the ‘new’ French psychology developed within ‘the hypnotic context’ opened up by Charcot. In spite of their claims to the scientific nature of their
The resisted rise of randomisation in experimental design: British agricultural science, c.1910–1930
TLDR
A historical case study from the origins of the RCT is introduced, uncovering the initially cool reception given to this method by agricultural scientists at the University of Cambridge and the National Institute of Agricultural Botany.
Randomisation, Causality and the Role of Reasoned Intuition
The method of randomisation has been a major driver in the recent rise to prominence of empirical development economics. It has helped uncover patterns and facts that had earlier escaped attention.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-6 OF 6 REFERENCES
As befitted her era and her station in life, Mrs
  • Leland Stanford was a spiritist and spiritualist
  • 1885
The number-habit
Preface by Helen, Countess of Radnor, and Introduction by Sir
  • Guidance from Beyond,
  • 1925
and rose through the ranks to full professor. There is no evidence that he did a stroke of psychical research
  • 1937
A Method of Scoring Coincidence in Tests with Playing Cards,
  • Proc. Soc. Psych. Res.,
  • 1924
Noblesse Oblige: An Enquiry into Identifiable Characteristics of the English Aristocracy (New
  • 1956