Teleconnection stationarity, variability and trends of the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) during the last millennium

@article{Dtwyler2017TeleconnectionSV,
  title={Teleconnection stationarity, variability and trends of the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) during the last millennium},
  author={Christoph D{\"a}twyler and Raphael Neukom and Nerilie J. Abram and Ailie J. E. Gallant and Martin Grosjean and Mart{\'i}n Jacques‐Coper and David J. Karoly and Ricardo Villalba},
  journal={Climate Dynamics},
  year={2017},
  volume={51},
  pages={2321-2339}
}
The Southern Annular Mode (SAM) is the leading mode of atmospheric interannual variability in the Southern Hemisphere (SH) extra-tropics. Here, we assess the stationarity of SAM spatial correlations with instrumental and paleoclimate proxy data for the past millennium. The instrumental period shows that temporal non-stationarities in SAM teleconnections are not consistent across the SH land areas. This suggests that the influence of the SAM index is modulated by regional effects. However… 

Teleconnections and relationship between ENSO and SAM in reconstructions and models over the past millennium

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This study describes time evolution of the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) in Mid- to Late Holocene simulated with a state-of-the-art transient simulation of the last 6000 years carried out with the

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