Teeth as black as a bumble bee ’ s wings ’ : The ethnobotany of teeth blackening in Southeast Asia

  title={Teeth as black as a bumble bee ’ s wings ’ : The ethnobotany of teeth blackening in Southeast Asia},
  author={Thomas J. Zumbroich},
This study presents a comparative perspective on the ethnobotanical resources utilized in teeth blackening, which was formerly an important life cycle event across Southeast Asia. Based on records from the seventeenth century to the present, we identified over 60 plant species hat were used for this practice in three distinct categories: as masticants, burn products and compound dyes. Different ethnolinguistic groups typically chose not more than a few locally available plant species as teeth… CONTINUE READING


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