Teenage Childbearing and Its Life Cycle Consequences

@article{Hotz2005TeenageCA,
  title={Teenage Childbearing and Its Life Cycle Consequences},
  author={V. Joseph Hotz and Susan Williams McElroy and Seth Sanders},
  journal={The Journal of Human Resources},
  year={2005},
  volume={XL},
  pages={683 - 715}
}
We exploit a “natural experiment” associated with human reproduction to identify the causal effect of teen childbearing on the socioeconomic attainment of teen mothers. We exploit the fact that some women who become pregnant experience a miscarriage and do not have a live birth. Using miscarriages an instrumental variable, we estimate the effect of teen mothers not delaying their childbearing on their subsequent attainment. We find that many of the negative consequences of teenage childbearing… Expand

Tables from this paper

The Consequences of Teenage Childbearing Before Roe V Wade
Using five cycles of the National Survey of Family Growth, we estimate the effect of teen motherhood on education, labor market, and marriage outcomes for teens conceiving from 1940 through 1968.Expand
The Impact of Unintended Childbearing on Future Generations
Out of wedlock births are increasingly becoming the norm for much of America, particularly for less advantaged young Americans. Many of the women who have children out of wedlock report that they didExpand
Consequences of teenage childbearing on child health.
This paper uses national longitudinal data to analyze the effects of having a teen mother on child health outcomes from birth to young adulthood. We use an empirical strategy that relies onExpand
The Consequences of Teenage Childbearing
TLDR
Under reasonable assumptions, IV underestimates and OLS overestimates the effect of teenage motherhood on adult outcomes, and the bounds can also be combined to provide consistent estimates of the effects of teen motherhood. Expand
Learning from Teen Childbearing Experiences of Close Friends: Evidence using Miscarriages as a Natural Experiment
Abstract We examine peer effects in teen childbearing among close friends, using miscarriages as a natural experiment. We use 775 women from the core sample of Add Health who had a friend with a teenExpand
The effects of teenage childbearing on long-term health in the US: a twin-fixed-effects approach
This paper explores the effect of teenage childbearing on long-term health outcomes and behaviors of mothers using the Midlife Development in the US dataset. Within-family estimations, using samplesExpand
Heterogeneous Consequences of Teenage Childbearing
TLDR
Results show that teen childbearing leads to lower educational attainment, lower income, and greater use of welfare for individuals who come from counties with better socioeconomic conditions, but there are no significant adverse effects for individualsWho come from County with worse socioeconomic conditions. Expand
Education and Labor Market Consequences of Teenage Childbearing: Evidence Using the Timing of Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Fixed Effects
The question of whether giving birth as a teenager has negative economic consequences for the mother remains controversial despite substantial research. In this paper, we build upon existingExpand
The effects of teenage childbearing on long-term health in the US: a twin-fixed-effects approach
TLDR
Evidence is provided that the effects operate through reduced income and labor force participation, and matching with a lower “quality” spouse, and that teenage childbearing has a particularly acute effect among minorities. Expand
Does teenage childbearing reduce investment in human capital?
This paper estimates the causal effect of teenage childbearing on educational attainment using two cohorts of Australian twins and their relatives. Our main finding is that the negative effect ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 47 REFERENCES
Reevaluating the costs of teenage childbearing.
TLDR
It is found that accounting for unobserved family background reduces, but does not eliminate, the estimated consequences of early childbearing, and Statistically significant and quantitatively important effects of teen parenthood remain for high school graduation, family size, and economic well-being. Expand
The Socioeconomic Consequences of Teen Childbearing Reconsidered
Teen childbearing is commonly viewed as an irrational behavior that leads to long-term socioeconomic disadvantage for mothers and their children. Cross-sectional studies that estimate relationshipsExpand
The socioeconomic consequences of teenage childbearing: findings from a natural experiment.
A study based on census data from 1970 and 1980 examines the socioeconomic effects of unplanned teenage childbearing by comparing teenage mothers whose first birth was to twins with those whose firstExpand
Sisters, siblings, and mothers: the effect of teen-age childbearing on birth outcomes in a dynamic family context.
"In this paper, we formulate a statistical model of dynamic intrafamily investment behavior incorporating endowment heterogeneity and heritability. We use the model's estimates to evaluateExpand
Economic consequences of teenage childbearing.
TLDR
Neither the findings nor the approaches of previous analyses of the economics of fertility are particularly helpful in determining the economic effects of teenage childbearing. Expand
The Economic Consequences of Unwed Motherhood: Using Twin Births as a Natural Experiment
The authors estimate the short-run and life-cycle effects of unplanned children on unwed mothers by comparing unmarried women who first gave birth to twins with unwed mothers who bore singletons.Expand
Effects of state welfare, abortion and family planning policies on premarital childbearing among white adolescents.
TLDR
The results show that laws restricting contraceptive availability are associated with a higher risk of pregnancy, and that higher welfare benefits reduce the probability that pregnant adolescents will marry before bearing their children. Expand
Early childbearing and later economic well-being.
TLDR
Policy makers should be aware of these long-term negative economic effects of early childbirth and efforts should be made to increase child care programs which enable young mothers to continue their schooling and to provide family planning services to young mothers who are at greater risk of subsequently having large families. Expand
Bounding Causal Effects Using Data from a Contaminated Natural Experiment: Analysing the Effects of Teenage Childbearing
In this paper, we consider what can be learned about causal effects when one uses a contaminated instrumental variable. In particular, we consider what inferences can be made about the causal effectExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...