Tectonic Processes on Europa: Tidal Stresses, Mechanical Response, and Visible Features

@article{Greenberg1998TectonicPO,
  title={Tectonic Processes on Europa: Tidal Stresses, Mechanical Response, and Visible Features},
  author={Richard Greenberg and Paul E. Geissler and Gregory V. Hoppa and B. Randall Tufts and Daniel D. Durda and Robert T. Pappalardo and James W. Head and Ronald Greeley and Robert J. Sullivan and Michael H. Carr},
  journal={Icarus},
  year={1998},
  volume={135},
  pages={64-78}
}
Abstract Europa's orbital eccentricity, driven by the resonance with Io and Ganymede, results in “diurnal” tides (3.5-day period) and possibly in nonsynchronous rotation. Both diurnal variation and nonsynchronous rotation can create significant stress fields on Europa's surface, and both effects may produce cracking. Patterns and time sequences of apparent tectonic features on Europa include lineaments that correlate with both sources of stress, if we take into account nonsynchronous rotation… 

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