Technosol genesis: identification of organo-mineral associations in a young Technosol derived from coking plant waste materials

  title={Technosol genesis: identification of organo-mineral associations in a young Technosol derived from coking plant waste materials},
  author={Marie-France Mons{\'e}ri{\'e} and Françoise Watteau and Genevi{\`e}ve Villemin and St{\'e}phanie Ouvrard and Jean-louis Morel},
  journal={Journal of Soils and Sediments},
Background, aim and scopeTechnosols form a new soil group in the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB) (FAO, World Soil Resour Rep 132:145, 2006) mainly characterised by anthropogenic parent material of organic and mineral nature and which origin can be either natural or technogenic. The increasing number of sites affected by technogenic materials and their impact on the environment as growing media for plants or as source of pollutants requires an understanding of their functioning and… 

Characteristics and potential pedogenetic processes of a Technosol developing on iron industry deposits

PurposeTechnosols include soils dominated or strongly influenced by human-made materials. Similarly to natural soils, technogenic parent materials submitted to environmental factors undergo

Early pedogenic evolution of constructed Technosols

PurposeConstructed soils are Technosols resulting from the deliberate combination of various artefacts. Similarly to natural soils, technogenic parent materials are transformed by pedogenic factors

Pedogenetic Trends in Soils Formed in Technogenic Parent Materials

Abstract Soils formed in technogenic parent materials are proliferating, and their pedogenesis remains inadequately understood. On investigation of soils formed in various technogenic materials

Uptake of potentially toxic elements by edible plants in experimental mining Technosols: preliminary assessment

The results obtained showed that the levels of potentially toxic elements present in the cultivated species are within the range of values mentioned in the literature when they were cultivated in soils with calcareous amendments, however, when the plants were grown in contaminated soils, the potentially Toxic elements levels varied greatly according to the species, being higher in onions than in lettuce.

Protective role of fine silts for PAH in a former industrial soil.

Early transformation and transfer processes in a Technosol developing on iron industry deposits

Large surface areas covered with man‐made materials are subject to pedogenetic evolution. However, pedogenetic processes in the resulting Technosols are seldom fully assessed. This work was conducted

Aggregation and availability of phosphorus in a Technosol constructed from urban wastes

PurposeTo preserve natural soil resources and in order to create fertile constructed Technosols for plant cultivation, wastes and by-product mixtures were studied in relation to their pedogenic

Interactions between organisms and parent materials of a constructed Technosol shape its hydrostructural properties

Abstract. There is no information on how organisms influence hydrostructural properties of constructed Technosols and how such influence will be affected by the parent-material composition factor. In



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PAHs are mainly produced by combustion processes and consist of a number of toxic compounds. While the concentrations of individual PAHs in soil produced by natural processes (e.g., vegetation fires,

Soil organic matter as a nanoporous sorbent of organic pollutants

Biodegradation of a gas oil applied to aggregates of different sizes.

Land treatment of oily wastes involves repeated application and tillage cycles to promote biodegradation of the waste. Tillage intensifies greater than current practices would result in smaller

Technosols and other proposals on urban soils for the WRB [World Reference Base for Soil Resources]

Urban soils are defined as soils which are severely influenced by various human activities, but not only by cultivation. These soils have assumed particular significance because they extend over

Physical control of soil organic matter dynamics in the tropics

Soil Type and Herbicides Adsorption

Abstract Herbicides behaviour in soils greatly depends on adsorption through its influence on degradation and movement. The adsorption intensity depends on both the chemical structure of pesticides,

Distribution and location of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and PAH-degrading bacteria within polluted soil aggregates

In conclusion, soil particle organization and structure of soil aggregates appear to be important for the characterization of a polluted soil (localization and sequestration) and Manipulations that modify aggregation in polluted soils could thus potentially influence the accessibility and biodegradability of PAHs.

Root impact on the stability and types of micro‐
aggregates in silty soil under maize

We wished to assess the impact of maize roots on the stability, nature and formation of soil organomineral aggregates under field conditions. We sampled coarse‐textured soil, cropped with maize for 3

Evaluation of the mobility and discrimination of Ca, Sr and Ba in forest ecosystems: consequence on the use of alkaline-earth element ratios as tracers of Ca

A comprehensive understanding of Ca cycling in an ecosystem is desirable because of the role of this element in tree mineral nutrition and its status as a major base cation on the soil exchange