Technology may change cognition without necessarily harming it.

  title={Technology may change cognition without necessarily harming it.},
  author={Lorenzo Cecutti and Anthony Chemero and Spike W. S. Lee},
  journal={Nature human behaviour},
Supporting Cognition With Modern Technology: Distributed Cognition Today and in an AI-Enhanced Future
An overview of empirical findings on cognitive offloading, an outlook on how individuals' offloading behavior might change in an AI-enhanced future, and findings from the literature on the assumption that individuals' personality is a predictor of trust in AI are presented.
Outsourcing Memory to External Tools: A Review of 'Intention Offloading'.
Recent research into intention offloading is reviewed, with a particular focus on how individuals decide between storing intentions in internal memory versus external reminders, and it is concluded that intention offload is highly effective, experimentally tractable, and guided by metacognitive processes.


Memory failure predicted by attention lapsing and media multitasking
It is shown that tonic lapses in attention in the moment before remembering were correlated with reductions in neural signals of goal coding and memory, along with behavioural forgetting, and heavier media multitasking is associated with a propensity to have attention lapses and forget.
The Negative Effect of Smartphone Use on Academic Performance May Be Overestimated: Evidence From a 2-Year Panel Study
The results showed that students’ in-class smartphone use was negatively associated with their grades, even when the magnitude of the association decreased substantially in a fixed-effects model, which leveraged the panel structure of the data to control for all stable student and course characteristics.
Smartphone use motivation and problematic smartphone use in a national representative sample of Chinese adolescents: The mediating roles of smartphone use time for various activities
These findings contribute to the literature by adding greater specificity in the understanding of the implications of SUM and SUT in the etiology of PSU during the critical life stage of adolescence in a Chinese cultural context.
Brain Drain: The Mere Presence of One’s Own Smartphone Reduces Available Cognitive Capacity
Results from two experiments indicate that even when people are successful at maintaining sustained attention—as when avoiding the temptation to check their phones—the mere presence of these devices reduces available cognitive capacity, and these cognitive costs are highest for those highest in smartphone dependence.
Cognitive Offloading
Being there.
The attentional cost of receiving a cell phone notification.
It is found that cellular phone notifications alone significantly disrupted performance on an attention-demanding task, even when participants did not directly interact with a mobile device during the task.
The neuroscience of motivated cognition
Does self-control improve with practice? Evidence from a six-week training program.
There was no effect of training on any measure of self-control and the implication is that training self- control through repeated practice does not result in generalized improvements inSelf-control.