Technological transitions as evolutionary reconfiguration processes: a multi-level perspective and a case-study

@article{Geels2002TechnologicalTA,
  title={Technological transitions as evolutionary reconfiguration processes: a multi-level perspective and a case-study},
  author={F. Geels},
  journal={Research Policy},
  year={2002},
  volume={31},
  pages={1257-1274}
}
  • F. Geels
  • Published 2002
  • Sociology
  • Research Policy
This paper addresses the question of how technological transitions (TT) come about? Are there particular patterns and mechanisms in transition processes? TT are defined as major, long-term technological changes in the way societal functions are fulfilled. TT do not only involve changes in technology, but also changes in user practices, regulation, industrial networks, infrastructure, and symbolic meaning or culture. This paper practices ‘appreciative theory’ [R.R. Nelson, S.G. Winter, An… Expand
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