Technological innovation and inequality in health.


The effect of education on health has been increasing over the past several decades. We hypothesize that this increasing disparity is related to health-related technical progress: more-educated people are the first to take advantage of technological advances that improve health. We test this hypothesis using data on disease-specific mortality rates for 1980 and 1990, and cancer registry data for 1973-1993. We estimate education gradients in mortality using compulsory schooling as a measure of education. We then relate these gradients to two measures of health-related innovation: the number of active drug ingredients available to treat a disease, and the rate of change in mortality from that disease. We find that more-educated individuals have a greater survival advantage in those diseases for which there has been more health-related technological progress.

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@article{Glied2008TechnologicalIA, title={Technological innovation and inequality in health.}, author={Sherry A.M. Glied and Adriana Lleras-Muney}, journal={Demography}, year={2008}, volume={45 3}, pages={741-61} }