Techno-economic assessment of low-temperature carbon dioxide electrolysis

  title={Techno-economic assessment of low-temperature carbon dioxide electrolysis},
  author={Haeun Shin and Kentaro U. Hansen and Feng Jiao},
  journal={Nature Sustainability},
Low-temperature CO 2 electrolysis represents a potential enabling process in the production of renewable chemicals and fuels, notably carbon monoxide, formic acid, ethylene and ethanol. Because this technology has progressed rapidly in recent years, a systematic techno-economic assessment has become necessary to evaluate its feasibility as a CO 2 utilization approach. Here this work provides a comprehensive techno-economic assessment of four major products and prioritizes the technological… 
26 Citations
Carbon-efficient carbon dioxide electrolysers
The electroreduction of CO2 (CO2R) is the conversion of CO2 to renewable fuels and feedstocks, a promising technology that could support the transition from fossil to renewable sources in the
Electroreduction of CO2/CO to C2 Products: Process Modeling, Downstream Separation, System Integration, and Economic Analysis
The economic analysis shows that both conversion routes are not profitable under the base case scenario, but the economics can be improved significantly by reducing the cell voltage, the capital cost of the electrolyzers, and the electricity price.
Eliminating the need for anodic gas separation in CO2 electroreduction systems via liquid-to-liquid anodic upgrading
Electrochemical reduction of CO2 to multi-carbon products (C2+), when powered using renewable electricity, offers a route to valuable chemicals and fuels. In conventional neutral-media CO2-to-C2+
Electrochemical Approaches for CO2 Conversion to Chemicals: A Journey toward Practical Applications.
This Account focuses on the development of novel electrocatalysts for CO2/CO electroreduction to enhance the product selectivity and lower the energy consumption, and the commercial potential of the CO2 electrolysis technology, such as understanding pollutant effects in CO2 electrored reduction and developing techno-economic analysis.
Emerging Electrochemical Processes to Decarbonize the Chemical Industry
Electrification is a potential approach to decarbonizing the chemical industry. Electrochemical processes, when they are powered by renewable electricity, have lower carbon footprints in comparison
Sequential vs integrated CO2 capture and electrochemical conversion: An energy comparison
Integrating carbon dioxide (CO2) electrolysis with CO2 capture provides new exciting opportunities for energy reductions by simultaneously removing the energy-demanding regeneration step in CO2
Local Chemical Environment Governs Anode Processes in CO2 Electrolyzers
It is demonstrated that, while Ir is stable under process conditions, the degradation of Ni leads to a rapid cell failure and the local chemical environment developing at the anode is detrimental for zero-gap electrolyzer cells only.
Anode Catalysts in CO2 Electrolysis: Challenges and Untapped Opportunities
The field of electrochemical carbon dioxide reduction has developed rapidly during recent years. At the same time, the role of the anodic half-reaction has received considerably less attention. In
The challenges of electrolytic valorization of carbon dioxide
  • R. Weber
  • Chemistry
    Nature Sustainability
  • 2021
Electroreduction of carbon dioxide is an enabling technology that can produce valuable chemicals, notably C1 (for example, formic acid and carbon monoxide) and C2 chemicals (for example, ethylene and
Rational design of electrocatalytic carbon dioxide reduction for a zero-carbon network.
Electrocatalytic CO2 reduction has attracted much attention for its potential application in CO2 mitigation and fuel production. During the past two decades, the electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 has


General Techno-Economic Analysis of CO2 Electrolysis Systems
The electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) has received significant attention in academic research, although the techno-economic prospects of the technology for the large-scale production
A comparative technoeconomic analysis of pathways for commercial electrochemical CO2 reduction to liquid products
Electrochemical reduction of CO2 to fuels and chemicals is currently a focus of significant research effort as a technology that can simultaneously mitigate greenhouse gas emissions while storing
A General Technoeconomic Model for Evaluating Emerging Electrolytic Processes
Increasing societal concern about carbon emissions and the concomitant emergence of inexpensive renewable resources provide growing impetus for the electrification of the chemical industry. Despite
Carbon monoxide electroreduction as an emerging platform for carbon utilization
The electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide to value-added chemical products has been heavily explored as a promising strategy for carbon utilization. However, the direct synthesis of
Towards sustainable fuels and chemicals through the electrochemical reduction of CO2: lessons from water electrolysis
The storage of renewable energy through the electrochemical reduction of CO2 (eCO2RR) is an attractive strategy to transform the current linear utilisation of carbon fuels (extraction–combustion–CO2
Co-electrolysis of CO2 and glycerol as a pathway to carbon chemicals with improved technoeconomics due to low electricity consumption
The renewable electricity-driven electroreduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) offers an alternative pathway to producing carbon chemicals that are traditionally manufactured using fossil fuels. Typical
A perspective on practical solar to carbon monoxide production devices with economic evaluation
Solar-chemical production is one of the most promising options for producing valuable chemicals from greenhouse gases. An economically attractive and industrially applicable solar-chemical production
General technoeconomic analysis for electrochemical coproduction coupling carbon dioxide reduction with organic oxidation
The analysis highlights the promise that coupling the carbon dioxide reduction reaction with the value-added organic oxidation reaction can secure significant economic feasibility, and develops a fully automated process synthesis framework to guide process simulations.