Techniques and results in the management of multiple ventricular septal defects.

@article{Kitagawa1998TechniquesAR,
  title={Techniques and results in the management of multiple ventricular septal defects.},
  author={Tetsuya Koide Kouji Matsumoto Shinji Kitagawa and Luke Durham and Ralph S. Mosca and Edward L. Bove},
  journal={The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery},
  year={1998},
  volume={115 4},
  pages={848-56}
}
OBJECTIVE The management of patients with multiple ventricular septal defects remains controversial. Primary closure, interventional catheter techniques, and palliative surgery all may have a role, and specific management guidelines remain undefined. METHODS We reviewed the records of all 33 patients with multiple ventricular septal defects undergoing repair between January 1988 and October 1996. Pulmonary artery hypertension was present in 21 patients (group 1), and pulmonary stenosis was… CONTINUE READING

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