Technical and economic characteristics of processes for water detritiation by chemical isotope exchange in the water-hydrogen system

  title={Technical and economic characteristics of processes for water detritiation by chemical isotope exchange in the water-hydrogen system},
  author={A. I. Kostylev and I. S. Ledovskoi and Eldar P. Magomedbekov and Michael B. Rozenkevich and Yu.A. Sakharovsky and I. L. Selivanenko and A. I. Sobolev and S. N. Florya},
To solve the problem of light-water waste ditritiation, comparative calculations were performed for the two-temperature and one-temperature installations whose operation is based on chemical isotope exchange between hydrogen and water. The two-temperature installation ensures lower power consumption, but exceeds the one-temperature installation in size by an order of magnitude and more. A scheme of a combined installation was suggested, involving the fractional vacuum distillation of water in… Expand
2 Citations

Figures and Tables from this paper

Water Distillation as a Method for Separation of Hydrogen and Oxygen Isotopes: State of the Art and Prospects
Abstract Vacuum distillation of water is one of the most environmentally friendly and safe methods for separating the hydrogen and oxygen isotopes. A review of literature data that describe theExpand


Status and practicality of detritiation and tritium production strategies for environmental remediation
Operation of nuclear facilities throughout the world generates wastewater, groundwater and surface water contaminated with tritium. Because of a commitment to minimize radiation exposures to ''levelsExpand
Installations for Separation of Hydrogen Isotopes by the Method of Chemical Isotopic Exchange in the “Water - Hydrogen” System
The paper presents the results of more than a year of running a pilot setup for separation of hydrogen isotopes using catalytic isotopic exchange between hydrogen and liquid water. The setup is 5 mExpand
Separation of Isotopes of Biogenic Elements in Two-phase Systems
Chapter 1. Theory of Isotope Separation in Counter-Current Columns: General Review Chapter 2. Hydrogen Isotope Separation by Rectification Chapter 3. Hydrogen Isotope Separation by Chemical IsotopeExpand
The tritium extraction facility at the Institute Laue-Langevin experience of operation with tritium
AbstractThe Tritium Extraction Facility at the Institut LAUE - LANGEVIN, GRENOBLE, FRANCE, is the first facility combining the extraction of tritium and hydrogen from heavy water. This Tritium Extr...
Tyazhelye izotopy vodoroda v yadernoi tekhnike (Heavy Hydrogen Isotopes in Nuclear Engineering)
  • Moscow: IzdAT,
  • 2000
Geterogennye reaktsii izotopnogo obmena tritiya (Heterogeneous Reactions of Tritium Isotope Exchange)
  • Moscow: Editorial URSS,
  • 1999