Teaching mands by manipulating conditioned establishing operations.

  title={Teaching mands by manipulating conditioned establishing operations.},
  author={Geoffrey Hall and Mark L. Sundberg},
  journal={The Analysis of verbal behavior},
Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior suggests the functional independence of the verbal operants. However, only a few empirical studies have directly examined the nature of these operants, and their independence. The present study evaluated whether teaching topographies as tacts would lead to their emission as mands. The results indicated that manding only occurred reliably after direct mand training, which consisted of the use of imitative and tact prompts, and fading those prompts, to… CONTINUE READING