Teachers' information and communication technology competences: A structural approach

Abstract

Teachers’ information and communication technology (ICT) competences are a key variable to integrate such resources into the teaching-learning process. One problem with teachers’ ICT competences is the proliferation of various frameworks which entail a lack of definition of these competences. The objective of this article is twofold: to establish a basic framework that shapes the subsets of ICT competences (technological and pedagogical) in all teachers at all levels (Primary, Secondary and Higher Education); to determine how various personal and contextual factors influence these subsets. For this purpose, a study of secondary analysis has been made with data from two survey design studies on teachers’ ICT competences that collect information from a sample of 1,095 male and female Primary, Secondary and Higher Education teachers in the Valencian Community (east Spain). A Multiple Indicators and Multiple Causes Model (MIMIC) was used to validate the teachers’ ICT competences model. The study results indicated that teachers’ ICT competences form a unique set composed of two subsets, technological competences and pedagogical competences. Moreover, the technological competences influenced the pedagogical ones. We also found that personal and contextual factors have a relevant impact on the competences subsets. This article helped clarify and delimit the framework of teachers’ ICT competences. Besides, this basic model of ICT competences should be a key element for teacher training in ICT. This article also shows how the influence of personal and contextual factors must be considered when designing training plans.

DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2016.05.002

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Cite this paper

@article{Almerich2016TeachersIA, title={Teachers' information and communication technology competences: A structural approach}, author={Gonzalo Almerich and Natividad Orellana and Jes{\'u}s Su{\'a}rez-Rodr{\'i}guez and Isabel D{\'i}az-Garc{\'i}a}, journal={Computers & Education}, year={2016}, volume={100}, pages={110-125} }